Enlightenment

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by speck
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
10

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Enlightenment

Enlightenment

Men cover their heads with a kippah to shows their respect for God.

The menorah is a very familiar symbol which is seen in most synagogues around the world.

The Hebrew word chai is made up of the Hebrew letters chet and yud. These letters have a number value of 18.

Anti-Semitism-hostility to or prejudice against Jews.

Basic Beliefs1. God is one and unique 2.The Messiah will come3.The words of the prophets are true4.God will reward the good and punish the wicked5.There will be no other Torah

Jewish wedding

Jewish Children in School

Anti-Semitism during Enlightenment

Stereotypes1) Jews did not work hard or produce goods with their hands; 2) Jews chose to work with money and to trade in goods they did not produce because of their skills, their greed, and their desire to manipulate and cheat Christians

Central and east European rulers forbade the Jewish settlers from owning land, from serving as officers in the military, and from holding positions in state service unless they converted to Christianity (Catholicism, Orthodoxy, or, after the Reformation in the sixteenth century, one of the Protestant denominations). Absolutist rulers consolidated modern states in the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries and loyalty to a nation increasingly competed with religious confession as a central human identifying marker in the nineteenth century. Jews, who still endured the above restrictions, hence did not become associated in the popular mind with the most "noble" professions of early modern central and eastern Europe (where the majority of Jews lived): landed aristocracy, military service, and state service.As central and east European guilds increasingly denied membership to Jewish handicraftsmen (unless they converted), Jews were increasingly forced out of small-scale manufacturing. Among the stereotypes that were developed or reinforced by these special permissions and restrictions on the Jews were that 1) Jews did not work hard or produce goods with their hands; 2) Jews chose to work with money and to trade in goods they did not produce because of their skills, their greed, and their desire to manipulate and cheat Christians; 3) Jews were cowards in a fair fight and avoided military service; 4) Jews preferred meaningless study and frivolous entertainment to hard, creative work; and 5) Jews were insincere and potentially disloyal in that they converted to Christianity to obtain material benefits.

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