ELL's in Gen Ed Classes

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by albertjp
Last updated 8 years ago

World Languages

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ELL's in Gen Ed Classes

Tips for Including ELLs in General Education Classrooms

By: Jasilyn Albert & Melanie Musulin

Get to know your students:What is the appropriate voice volume and eye contact in their culture?Does their culture focus more on contributing group work or individual work?What were the reasons for immigrating?

Share their culture through school functions and in the classroom:Have a multicultural night.Include information on their culture in the classroom curriculum when possible.Invite parents to share culture and experiences.

Cultural Diversity & Inclusivity

Provide information about classroom routines.Show location of bathroom, office, and nurse.Demonstrate locker routine, which may include how to open a locker.Model when and how to use the bathroom. Provide the student with a language buddy or a compassionate student.

Learn About American Schools

Provide the ELL with a dictionary or translator.Provide a copy of class notes.Use visuals and graphic organizers.Provide authentic visuals.Pair group reading.Use closed-captioning on videos.Provide preferential seating.

Academic Language

Provide authentic visualsFront-load vocabulary Provide parents or ESL teacher with a list of content words prior to teaching the lesson.Ask ESL teacher for a list of cognates.Incorporate guided vocabulary.Create realia sentences using vocabulary.ex. Cornell notes, 4-square vocabulary


Focus on communicative competence Avoid correcting, at first.Students may be silent at first because they are listening.Students will communicate when ready.Interlanguage -- students will write in ungrammatical ways and spell phonetically.

OtherProvide a symbol for the students to use if you are speaking too fast.Keep sentences short and avoid contractions.Model spoken language. Use expressions and authentic materials when communicating.Provide an open and welcoming classroom.Provide preferential seating.


Ballantyne, K.G., Sanderman, A.R., Levy, J. (2008). Educating English language learners: Building teacher capacity. Washington, DC: National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED521360.pdfChristy, Janice, M.Ed, Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. (2000-2005). Glencoe Online,Teaching Today. Helping English Language Learners in the Classroom. Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://www.glencoe.com/sec/teachingtoday/subject/help_ELL.phtmEastern Connecticut State University, Center for Early Childhood Education. (No date). E-clips #8:Supporting English Language Learners in the Preschool Classroom. http://www.easternct.edu/cece/e-clips_english_language_learners.htmlMcMahon, Claire. February 13, 2013. "The ESL Student in the General Education Classroom." The Educators Room, Empowering Teachers as the Experts. Retrieved November 12, 2013. http://theeducatorsroom.com/2013/02/esl-students-in- the-general-education-classroom/Samson, J.F. & Collins B.A. (2012). Preparing all teachers to meet the needs of English language learners. Retrieved from ERIC Database. (ED535608)Strauss, V. (2012, June 6). The wrong and right way to learn a foreign language. The WashingtonPost. Retrieved from http:// www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/the-wrong-and-right-way-to-learn-a-foreign language/2012/06/16gJQAK2xBhV_blog.html

Only 29.5% of teachers with ELLs are trained to effectively teach those students(Ballantyne, et. al., 2008, p. 9)



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