Elizabethan Era

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by rivarold
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Elizabethan Era

ELIZABETHAN ERAKaroll Marroni andMonica Escalera

All- if not, most- schools were taught heavily through religion and teachings were usually centered around it. In general, girls did not attend school. However, if they were to receive an education, it took place in their homes. They were mainly taught how to read and arithmetic. A few upper class girls would go to “petty school” with middle class boys up until the age of 7. They weren’t really allowed to proceed into grammar school along with the boys. Aristocratic, or noble, children would also get their educations at home by having private teachers. Boys, on the other hand, did attend public schools. During the summer, it was wonted for students to be seated and awaiting the beginning of their lesson by six in the morning. During the winter, the time would be pushed back to seven in the morning. This went on until students graduated from university, which only happened after they graduated from grammar school.Unlike the rules we have now, it was completely normal for a student to basically have had their education beat into them. This prevented students from slipping-up and some teachers fully embraced the accepted activity.

Family Dinner



The Elizabethan Era is named after Queen Elizabeth I. Born on September 7, 1533; she was the daughter of King Henry VII and Queen Anne Boleyn. Queen Elizabeth had beaten the odds of becoming a ruler due to the fact that her father was deeply unsatisfied that Elizabeth had been born a girl (in spite of him vouching for a boy to rule after him. Queen Elizabeth was a very intense ruler, especially when the Bubonic Plague striked, which killed millions and millions of people. Queen Elizabeth had many people coming to London executed because she did not want the epidemic spreading more than it already had.Supposedly, it was a dark time in history during the Queen’s reign, that lasted from 1558-1603, but she still brought England together.

Instead of the three regular meals a day we are accustomed to now, people generally had two meals a day back then. What we now consider lunch was considered dinner back then. People ate dinner at around noon and had supper at around 6:00 PM. Since many homes did not include a kitchen, a person might make their own bread dough and take it to a bakery to have it baked. There was a fee payed to the baker for having bread baked.Most dishes were either boiled or roasted. For example, a family could dine on roasted beef with a side of boiled vegetables.The poorer people of England didn’t have a large variety of foods to eat. Along with the bread, they would eat fish and cheese. Vegetables were usually served alongside the bread.High class families would have a lot more meat in their diets than lower class people. This meat included lamb, beef, veal, and pork. They also ate other animals such as: peacock, swan, and goose.During this time, people avoided drinking water because they believed it was contaminated. The primary drinks were caudle and ale. Farmers started selling a lot more milk at this time.


Food and Beverage


Life of the poor in Elizabethan England was extremely tough. The government in Tudor England was very concerned about the poor. There was a larger amount of poor people living in England than there rich people. This concern was at its greatest during the Elizabethan Era. The poor were divided into three groups and they had to do the best they could under difficult circumstances. The first group was the helpless poor, which consisted of the old, the sick, the disabled, and the children. People who were “Helpless Poor” were not considered to be a burden, the government believed that it was not their fault they were in that position. The second group was called “The Able Bodied Poor”. These were the people who couldn’t work, but also wanted to work. The third group was known as “Rogues and Vagabonds.” They were targeted by the government. They could work, but preferred to beg or steal. The government made begging illegal and anybody found begging was flagged until “his back was bloody.”

Life of the Poor

Much like today, the people of Elizabethan England enjoyed playing sports and games.Such games included:-Archery-Bowling-Dice-Hammer-Throwing (sport in athletics in which a hammer is hurled for distance, using two hands within a throwing circle)-Quarterstaff Contests (as shown in the picture to the right)-Skittles (somewhat similar to bowling, but with a wooden ball and pins)-WrestlingThere was also a lot of blood sports/hunting incorporated into the everyday lives of people.Examples include:-Bear and Bull Baiting-Dog and Rooster Fights


The lifestyles of the wealthy were completely different when compared to the life of the poor. They played sports the poor couldn’t afford to play. Their meals were more balanced towards health, especially because they ate more meat than the poor, which resulted in a higher protein intake. Jousting was the most popular sport for the rich. Only nobles were allowed to host a jousting match. The gowns of the wealthy women were extravagant, with puffy skirts and ruffled sleeves. Their hair was always swept up. Men wore vest-like shirts called jerkins, pants puffed out, and a variety of hats. When dining, on the rich and superior had chairs.

The biggest health/medical issues during this time was the Bubonic Plague, also known as the Black Death. Millions and millions of people collapsed at the hands of this epidemic. Children were the ones that were hit the hardest during the plague. One thing that Queen Elizabeth did in hopes of stopping this from spreading was killing those who came to London. This attempt at preventing the spread of this disease was futile, due to the fact that London had one of the biggest concentrations of the epidemic victims. The Queen brought her court into the castle and the whole place quarantined.Some other epidemics that older people went through included typhus, diphtheria, smallpox, and measles. Physicians would wear long robes along with masks. These masks were bird-like, resembling a bird’s beak. (Example on the right.) Inside the masks, doctors would place herbs and spices to prevent them from smelling rotting bodies.A large percentage of people avoided seeing the dentist. Dental practices were pretty gruesome and bloody. In most cases, going to have teeth pulled out could quite possibly result in a person bleeding to death.


Life of the Rich

During this time, there was a very structured place and had a complicated government system. Monarch, Privy Council, Parliament: These three bodies could work together to rule the country, make laws, raise money, and decide on matters of religion and national defense.The court of the land was also important to the government of the country. The most important courts were the Great Session (or Assizes), held a year in each county, and the Quarter Sessions Court, held four times a year. These courts dealt with most crimes, such as theft, witchcraft, recusancy, murder, and assault.



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