Elizabethan Era

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Social Studies
European history

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Elizabethan Era

Mealtime RoutinePeople washed their hands before and after each meal.They prayed before and after eating.Most middle and upper class households had servants tend to the table.

Eating is a Luxury Eating was an extravagant endeavour considered a luxury. When eating alone or with family, a man might consume 2-3 plates during a meal, but with guests, he may consume twice as much. During feasts or large meals, tables were lavishly decorated with abundant food and tasty delicacies. Displays were fantastic, as well as the exotic spices and flavorings. These feasts also included refined and expensive treats such as rare wines and ales, exotic fruits, and sweet cndies and baked goods. Wealthy hosts would often present guests with overdone feasts to compete with other merchants. Hosting such events was taken quite seriously and competetively.

Eating OutMany residents lacked kitchens and actually got take-out food or ate at places such as:-taverns (served middle upper class with lodging and wine but no food),-inns (provided lodging, food, beer, ale and wine) -alehouses (served all classes with ale and drink, and often some food on the side) -ordinaries (served primarily food)

Eating in Elizabethan England

Feasts and Banquets

Works Cited Forgeng, Jeffry L. Daily Life in Elizabethan England. 2nd ed. Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 2010. Print. The Greenwood Daily Life Through History Series.Francken, Frans. Geschichte des Tobias. c. 1600. oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-arts de Besançon, Besançon.Heda, Willem Claeszoon. Still Life. c. 1640. oil on panel. Frans-Hals-Museum, Haarlem.Macquoid, Percy. "Meals: Food and Drink: Cooking." Food and Drink in Shakespeare's Time. Exploring Shakespeare. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 133-52. Gale Student Resources in Context. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.Roesen, Severin. Fruit and Wine Glass. c. 1860. oil on canvas. New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain.Still life with grapes, apples, sausages, cucumbers, bread and a bird. 17th century. oil on canvas. Munich.Van Schooten, Floris Gerritsz. Kitchen Still-life. early 17th century. oil on panel. Private collection.

DietAs observed by travelers, Elizabethan residents had a very hearty diet. This consisted of:-roast meat, seafood, some chicken, wildfowl, and many animal meats and game were consumed-bread- a large variety of roasted and steamed vegetables (especially potatoes)-imported and local grown fruits were largely appreciated-milk, butter and cheese-a large variety of nuts

DrinkWater was unsanitary due to bad piping and sewage systems in the city so people drank fermented drinks instead. This includes ale (one of the most popularly brewed drinks that came in a large variety), beer, wine, fruit ciders and juices.People drank from glasses or silver bowls and cups.

Meals Breakfast, which took place around 6:00 was not a substantial meal for most. It was a light meal of bread, milk eggs, and fruits.Dinner, which took place from 11:00- noon, was the largest meal, during which people feasted on very large amounts of hearty foods.Supper, which took place around 5:30, consisted of similar foods of that from dinner, but in much smaller portions.


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