Elizabeth Blackwell

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Social Studies
American History

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Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell was born on February 3, 1821 in Counterslip, England. Her parents emigrated with their nine children to New York City when she 12. In 1838, her family moved to Cincinati, Ohio. After a few months, Elizabeth's father Samuel Blackwell, an abolitionist; died. This led to economic problems, so Elizabeth became a teacher but soon resigned. She wanted to enter a medical field. Blackell admitted to Geneva, NY Medical College in 1847. She graduated medical school in 1859. Elizabeth Blackwell sadly died on May 31, 1910.

Background Information

Above is a picture of Elizabeth Blackwell; the first female physician.

Above is a stamp of Elizabeth Blackwell; stamp of 1974.

Group of Invidual/ Life for that group in that time period

Elizabeth Blackwell is part of the women's group. At that time in history, women were treated differently and had less rights than those of men. Women felt lots of shame. There were not many career opportunities available for woman, mostly just teaching. There were no woman doctors. While attending school, proffessors forced her to sit seperatly at lectures, and was excluded from labs. People thought a female physician was a joke, till Elizabeth proved them wrong with her outstanding grades.

Blackwell's diploma of Geneva Medical College.

The actions of Elizabeth Blackwell helped others and improved American life by becoming the first female doctor in American history which made a statement that woman can and do the same occupation as men.

"The idea of winning a doctor's degree gradually assumed the aspect of a great moral struggle, and the moral fight possessed immense attraction for me."-Elizabeth Blackwell

"If society will not admit of woman's free development, then society must be remodeled."-Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth graduated from Geneva Medical School in 1849.

Actions made to improve life/Effects of actions

Elizabeth Blackwell improved American life for women by increasing their rights. After finachial crisis striked in 1838, the two older women of the nine kids worked as teachers. Elizabeth, being one of the older sisters became embarrassed from being offeneded from her belief of an abolitionist's. After stopping her teaching carreer, she realized that if she was treated by a woman doctor, she could have spared her feelings. This encouraged her to study medicine. Two male physicians mentored her, and she was always reading medical books. After graduating in 1849 being first in her class, she became the first woman in the United States to recieve a medical degree. This led to her sister, Emily Blackwell which also had gotten a medical degree. Elizabeth's actions led onto a positive effect with women's rights in more and more female doctors enrolling and showing that women can also have and do the same occupation of a man.

The Blackwell family, 1906.

The illustration is an incident at an operating room during Blackwell's medical education.

website link

Elizabeth Blackwell as a young child.

Elizabeth Blackwells's sister; Emily Blackwell, which also became a doctor after Elizabeth.

A handwritten letter to Elizabeth Blackwell accecpting her into Geneva Medical College.

House that Elizabeth lived for a year to study medicine to prepare for medical school. House belonged to Samuel Henry Dickson, M.D.


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