Elizabeth Bathory

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by michaelagarbarova
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Social Studies

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Elizabeth Bathory

Elizabeth Báthory


Countess Elizabeth Bathory de Ecsed (Bathory Erzsebet in Hungarian; 7 August 1560 – 21 August 1614) was a countess from the renowned Bathory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary known for being a serial killer. She has been labelled by Guinness World Records as the most prolific female murderer,though the precise number of her victims is debated. Bathory and four collaborators were accused of torturing and killing hundreds of young women between 1585 and 1610.

During the Long War (1593–1606), Elizabeth was charged with the defense of her husband's estates, which lay on the route to Vienna.The threat was significant, for the village of Csejte had previously been plundered by the Ottomans while Sarvar, located near the border that divided Royal Hungary and Ottoman-occupied Hungary, was in even greater danger. She was an educated woman who could read and write in four languages.There were several instances where she intervened on behalf of destitute women, including a woman whose husband was captured by the Turks and a woman whose daughter was raped and impregnated.Two years after the arrangement of their marriage, Elizabeth, at thirteen years old, became pregnant by one of the servants at Castle Sarvar, named Laszlo Bende. Although Ferenc was not more than eighteen years old, he delivered a blunt punishment to the young server. Ferenc had him castrated and, immediately afterwards, thrown to a pack of dogs. Elizabeth was taken to another Nádasdy castle, where she gave birth in 1574, in secret, to a daughter named Anastasia Bathory. Ferenc ensured that the infant child remained a secret and was swiftly unassociated with the family; no documentation on the infant has ever been recovered leading to the belief that Ferenc had the baby killed.

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