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Last updated 7 years ago

Health & Fitness

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ElephantiasisBy Stella and John

Elephantiasis is a condition characterized by gross enlargement of an area of the body Elephantiasis is caused by obstruction of the lymphatic system, which results in the accumulation of a fluid called lymph in the affected areas.

Other areas commonly affected include the external genitals.

The disease is caused by the filarial worm, which is transmitted from human to human via the female mosquito.

General treatment measures include bed rest, elevation of affected limbs and wrapping the limbs in compression bandages. This helps to bring down the swelling. If there are signs of infection, generally the next measure is taking care of the skin on the foot and leg to prevent any infection that may worsen the swelling. The skin should be washed carefully and dried. Nails are clipped and cleaned to avoid injury and inadvertent infection.

In the United states, the drug of choice is diethylcarbamazine or DEC, which kills the microfilariae and also some adult worms.For areas outside of the United States, a combination of albendazole and ivermectin is generally used.


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