Elements of Poetry

by Mackenzekk
Last updated 4 years ago

Language Arts

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Elements of Poetry

Alliteration- Repitition of a consonant soundBetty Botter by Mother GooseBetty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter’s bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better.So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So ’twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.

Elements of Poetryby Mackenzie Gray


Onomatopoeia – words that sound like what they meanMeeting at Night by Robert BrowningThree fields to cross till a farm appears;A tap at the pane, the quick sharp scratchAnd blue spurt of a lighted match…


Stanza- a group of lines forming a verseI Love To Write Poems(First Stanza)I love to writeDay and nightWhat would my heart doBut cry, sigh and be blueIf I could not write(Second Stanza)Writing feels goodAnd I know it shouldWho could have knewThat what I doIs write, write, write- Unknown Author

Shape and Spacing

Rhyme and Sound

Imagery – descriptions of sensory experiencesFall by Natasha NiemiThe chilly weather settles into your bones.Those once green leaves turnRed, yellow, orange, and brown.CRRNCH! go the leaves,,Beneath your feet.The birds fly in a victory “V” formation,To where the sun rules the skies.The days of winter are lurking aroundWaiting to be free falling.

Shape Poem- also known as "concrete" is a poem within the physical shape of the text for better understandingThe Hippopotomus by Liz Brownlee

Acrostic Poems - a poem in which the first letters of each line spell out a word or phraseExample: spelling out "candy"Crunchy chewyAwesomeNice and sweetDelightful and deliciousYummy treat

Repetition – used to set tone, add emphasis, or give structure to a poemSpring by Karla Kuskin I’m shoutingI’m singingI’m swinging through treesI’m winging sky-highWith the buzzing black bees. I’m the sunI’m the moonI’m the dew on the rose.I’m a rabbitWhose habitIs twitching his nose…

Figurative Language

Metaphor – direct comparison between dissimilar subjects or ideasThe Night is a Big Black Cat by G. Orr Clark The Night is a big black cat The moon is her topaz eye, The stars are the mice she hunts at night, In the field of the sultry sky.

Personification- when inanimate or non-human objects are given human like characteristicsDinnertime Chorus by Sharon HendricksThe teapot sang as the water boiledThe ice cubes cackled in their glassthe teacups chattered to one another.While the chairs were passing gasThe gravy gurgled merrily As the oil danced in a pan.Oh my dinnertime chorusWhat a lovely, lovely clan!

Simile – indirect comparison between dissimilar subjects or ideas,bridged by the word “like” or “as”An Emerald Is As Green As Grass By Christina Rossetti FlintAn emerald is as green as grass, A ruby red as blood; A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;A flint lies in the mud. A diamond is a brilliant stone, To catch the worlds desire; An opal holds a fiery spark; But a flint holds fire.

Connotation – words that suggest or imply one or more meaning or messageFrom:I Hear America Singing, by Walt WhitmanI hear America singing, the varied carols I hear;Those of mechanics - each one singing his, as it should be, blithe and strong;The carpenter singing his, as he measures his plank or beam,The mason singing his, as he makes ready for work, or leaves off work;

Denotation – words used to identify or labelFrom:Mending Wall by Robert FrostAnd on a day we meet to walk the lineAnd set the wall between us once again.We keep the wall between us as we go.

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