Egyptian Mythology

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Egyptian Mythology


Egyptian Mythology

Bibliography:The Book of the Dead. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2015, from"The Classroom | Synonym." The Classroom | Synonym. Web. 29 Sept. 2015. .Classroom Lecture and VideoRa: The Sun God. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2015, from Resources - Woodlands Junior School. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2015, from

To wrap it all up, the Egyptians were polytheistic, due to their belief in their gods and goddesses. They also believed in The Book of the Dead, which was a spellbook to help them in the afterlife. Two of the most important gods are Anubis, who was the god of death and mummification, and Ra, the god of the sun and creation. They also had unique death rituals which included mummification, the process of preserving the body of the dead to use them in their afterlife.

Mummy and Sarcophagus

Anubis was the god of death and mummification. He has a head of a jackal, and the body of a human. Anubis leads the dead to a judgement hall, where the weighing of the heart is done. He also protects souls in the underworld. Anubis’s importance and fame were taken over by Osiris, god of the underworld and immortality.

The Book of the Dead

Mummification is a process in which it preserves the body forever, because it was believed that pharaohs needed their body in the afterlife. People who mummified the body wore a jackal mask in belief that they will get assistance from Anubis. Mummification has 8 steps. First, the body is washed. Second, the organs are removed, but it still has the heart since it’s the center of intelligence and emotion. Third, the body is filled with stuffing. Fourth, the body is dried with a substance called Natron. Fifth, after 40 – 50 days the stuffing is replaced with linen, or sawdust. Sixth, the body is wrapped with linen strips. Seventh, the body is covered with a sheet called a Shroud. Finally, it is placed in a sarcophagus, a coffin for rich Egyptians. The sarcophagus was surrounded by figurines called ushabti, which were small workers that helps the mummy with everyday tasks like making bread or farming in the afterlife.

The Egyptians are polytheistic. In short, this means that they believed in more than one god. Archaeologists actually know about these gods from the hieroglyphics during the great excavations. The gods were usually half-animals and half-humans, describing the god’s qualities. Egyptians thought that all gods and goddesses made everything. Additionally, each god also did a task, like protecting children. Egyptians also thought that pharaohs were chosen by the gods. When the pharaohs or rich people died, they were mummified and placed in their pyramid tomb with The Book of the Dead. In essence, The Book of the Dead is a spell book with the spells to assist them in the afterlife. They were made by scribes. The scribes either make the book with the spells the pharaoh or rich person might want in the afterlife, or there are premade ones that just need the names filled in.


People are often scared of mummies, but in fact they are a big part of Egyptian religion. Another big part is that they believed in many gods and goddesses, and they spent a lot of their lifetime getting ready for the afterlife! Read on to learn interesting facts about Egyptian mythology.


Egyptian Gods

Egyptian Religion


Ra was the god of the sun and creation. He made himself from the ocean called Nun. He created everyone and everything. He sails a boat, which was the sun. Every night he was killed, and reborn by Nut, the goddess of the sky.

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