Egypt Government

by mrsomans
Last updated 2 years ago

Social Studies
Ancient History

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Egypt Government


Ancient Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the human form of the god Horus and could control the sun and the Nile River.

The Pharaoh was in charge of every part of the government. He controlled the military, the temples, and trade. Most of the kingdom's land was owned by the pharaoh.

The priests who took care of the kingdom's gods were called high-priests.

The vizier was the pharaoh's second in command. He was chosen by the pharaoh and the pharaoh was his only boss. The Vizier was in charge of the day-to-day running of the country. All government officals and their departments reported to the vizier. The vizier reported each day's events to pharaoh.

The vizier sat on the high court and was expected to know and act according to the law, make fair judgements, and uphold the law .

Scribes were the few Ancient Egyptians who knew how to read and write. Scribes recorded the amount of crops harvested, kept accounts and ordered supplies for temples and the Egytian army, and the amount of food needed to feed tomb workers. Many in government used scribes to write letters

Other important jobs were filled by judges, scribes, nobles and other priests. Next on the heirarchy were the officials in charge of craftsmen, farmers, and soldiers.

Courts: The Kenbet Court was the local court handling minor claims and disputes between people.The Great Kenbet Court handled serious crimes and large land purchases and was overseen by the vizier in the capital.Those found guilty of minor crimes were punished by fines and beatings while those guilty of serious crimes could expect a punishment ranging from disfigurement to death.

Most government jobs were hereditary, passing from one generation to the next. This was one facet that provided stability for ancient Egypt's government, enabling the civilization to last thousands of years.



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