Egypt Benchmarks

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by MrReGlog
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies
World & Ancient History

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Egypt Benchmarks

Irrigation- Irrigation is a system of transporting water from a lake,river to a dry farmland to water the crops in that dry farmland (so they can grow the crops,plants, and cut them to barter with diffrent people to get the things to eat or they need so they can plant the seeds and grow the same stuff they baterd with so the can have a surplus of diffrent kinds of food )

They used the Nile Delta for . . . 1. Irrigation 2. To bathe 3. Wash crops 4. Fish 5. Tranportation so they can barter with diffrent people.

The Nile Delta

The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. With out a pharaoh Egypt would be unsafe. He owned all of the land, made the laws, and collected taxes(food). The pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honour the gods. Many pharaohs went to war when their land was threatened or when they wanted to control other lands. If the pharaoh won the battle, the other people had to recognise the Egyptian pharaoh as their ruler and offer him the finest and most valuable goods from their land. The pharaoh MUST wear a crown so ancient Egyptians know who the pharaoh is and who's not.

Hieroglyphic writing was a way of writing used by the ancient Egyptians. These symblos are called 'hieroglyphs'.

- Imsety the human-headed god jar holds the liver. - Hapy the baboon-headed god jar holds the lungs. - Duamutef the jackal-headed god jar holds the stomach. - Qebehsenuef the falcon-headed god holds the intestines. - The lids represent the "four sons of Horus" - It took about 70 days to embalm a body. . 1. The body was washed and purified. 2. Organs were removed. Only the heart remained. 3. The body was filled with stuffing. 4. The body was dried by covering it with a substance called natron. This substance absorbed all the moisture from the body. 5. After 40 - 50 days the stuffing was removed /replaced with linen/sawdust. 6. The body was wrapped in strands of linen and covered in 1 sheet called a shroud. 7. The body was placed in a stone coffin called a sarcophagus.

Ancient Egyptians believed in many gods and goddesses. The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to recognise and worship these gods and goddesses so that life continued smoothly.

- White Crown: Was worn by the ruler of Upper Egypt. - Red Crown: Was worn by the ruler of Lower Egypt. - Double Crown: Showed that one pharaoh ruled all of Egypt. - Blue Crown: Blue was a royal colour and was worn by later rulers of Egypt. - Atef Crown(gold): Was the most greatest crown and was worn on special occasions.

Animals were very important to Egyptian farmers. Animals helped them with jobs like trampling in the seeds, pulling the plough, eating unwanted grain or wheat and providing the Egyptians with food and drink. They kept animals such as cattle, goats, pigs, ducks, cows, and geese.

Did you know that the Egyptaions belived in "LIFE AFTER DEATH" so when they remove the mummies insides they will leave the heart in the mummy because the Egyptaions think you can still live your life when you die as long as they dont take your heart out.

Natural Resources that shape Ancient Egypt was 1. Nile River fish, transportation, annual flood that fretilized land to grow crops. 2. Flax grew in fertile Nile Vally then cut up to make linen cloth 3. Papyrus was made into writing matreials such as a predecessor and paper. 4. Steatite is a type of stone used to make scarabs,scarabs was the used as a charm wicth held a religous meaning to Egypt and it's people. 5. Copper used to make ore's and then burnt to charcol to make a fire

Ancient Egypt



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