Ecosystem - Abiotic Factors

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by GraceWonder
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Ecosystem - Abiotic Factors

Death Valley Abiotic Factors

Geography and ElevationDeath Valley is significant to United States geography because it is considered the lowest point in the contiguous U.S. at an elevation of 282 feet (86 m). The region is also one of the hottest and driest in the country.

The soils are mostly Typic Torrifluvents and Typic Torriorthents, but also Typic Torripsamments, Typic Haplocalcids, Typic Haplargids, and shallow Typic Haplodurids. Lithic and shallow Typic Torriorthents are common on Pliocene sedimentary rock. The lake plains are mostly playas that have only frecently become exposed on the surface and still lack vascular plant cover. The soils are well drained. The Soil temperature regimes are mostly thermic, but Hyperthermic on the basin floor in the center of Death Valley. Soil moisture regimes are aridic.


Deathe Valley is famous as the hottest place on earth and driest place in North America. The World record highest air temperature of 134 degrees F. was recorded at Furnace Creek on July 10,1913. In the Summer temperatures can reach to120 degrees F. while in the winter and spring the temperatures are quite pleasent only ocasionally reaching freezing in the night.

Temperature Ranges

Devils Hole is a geologic formation located within the Ash Meadow National wildlife refuge.Devils Hole is a geothermal pool with a limestone cavern in the Amargosa Desert in the Amargosa Valley of Nevada east over the Amargosa Range and Funeral Mountain from Death Valley. Its waters are a near constant salinity and temperature (92 degrees F.) It branches in to deep caverns atleast 300feet deep from an opening at the surface that is approximately 6 by 18 feet. The pool has frequently experienced activity due to far away earthquakes which have been linked to extremely small scale trunamis.

Water Resources

RainfallThe average annual precipitation in Death Valley is 2.36 inches. While the Greenland Ranch station averaged 1.58 inches. The wettest month on record is January 1995 when 2.56 inches fell on Death Valley


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