Eating Disorder Statistics

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by squidvisious1707
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology
Grade:
7

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Eating Disorder Statistics

Statistics

Men:• An estimated 10-15% of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.9• Men are less likely to seek treatment for eating disorders because of the perception that they are “woman’s diseases.”10• Among gay men, nearly 14% appeared to suffer from bulimia and over 20% appeared to be anorexic.11Women:• Women are much more likely than men to develop an eating disorder. Only an estimated 5 to 15 percent of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.14• An estimated 0.5 to 3.7 percent of women suffer from anorexia nervosa in their lifetime.14 Research suggests that about 1 percent of female adolescents have anorexia.15• An estimated 1.1 to 4.2 percent of women have bulimia nervosa in their lifetime.14• An estimated 2 to 5 percent of Americans experience binge-eating disorder in a 6-month period.14• About 50 percent of people who have had anorexia develop bulimia or bulimic patterns.15•20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems.18Majoraty is Women.

"Psychological Factors that Can Contribute to Eating Disorders:Low self-esteemFeelings of inadequacy or lack of control in lifeDepression, anxiety, anger, stress or loneliness Interpersonal Factors that Can Contribute to Eating Disorders:Troubled personal relationshipsDifficulty expressing emotions and feelingsHistory of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weightHistory of physical or sexual abuse Social Factors that Can Contribute to Eating Disorders:Cultural pressures that glorify “thinness” or muscularity and place value on obtaining the “perfect body”Narrow definitions of beauty that include only women and men of specific body weights and shapesCultural norms that value people on the basis of physical appearance and not inner qualities and strengthsStress related to racial, ethnic, size/weight-related or other forms of discrimination or prejudice Biological Factors that Can Contribute to Eating Disorders:Scientists are still researching possible biochemical or biological causes of eating disorders. In some individuals with eating disorders, certain chemicals in the brain that control hunger, appetite, and digestion have been found to be unbalanced. The exact meaning and implications of these imbalances remain under investigation.Eating disorders often run in families. Current research indicates that there are significant genetic contributions to eating disorders."

"According to a study done by colleagues at the American Journal of Psychiatry (2009), crude mortality rates were:• 4% for anorexia nervosa• 3.9% for bulimia nervosa• 5.2% for eating disorder not otherwise specified"

"42% of 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner (Collins, 1991).In elementary school fewer than 25% of girls diet regularly. Yet those who do know what dieting involves and can talk about calorie restriction and food choices for weight loss fairly effectively (Smolak, 2011; Wertheim et al., 2009).81% of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat (Mellin et al., 1991).46% of 9-11 year-olds are “sometimes” or “very often” on diets, and 82% of their families are “sometimes” or “very often” on diets (Gustafson-Larson & Terry, 1992).Over one-half of teenage girls and nearly one-third of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives (Neumark-Sztainer, 2005).35-57% of adolescent girls engage in crash dieting, fasting, self-induced vomiting, diet pills, or laxatives. Overweight girls are more likely than normal weight girls to engage in such extreme dieting (Boutelle, Neumark-Sztainer, Story, &Resnick, 2002; Neumark-Sztainer&Hannan, 2001; Wertheim et al., 2009)."

Signs of Anorexia Nervosa:-Extreme fear of gaining weight-Often diet -Exercise relentlessly-Point of starvationSigns of Bulimia Nervosa:-Eating large amounts of food (bingeing)-Followed by purging (vomiting or using laxatives)-Exercising excessively to compensate for the overeatingSigns of Binge Eating Disorder:-Disappearance of large amounts of food in a short time-Fnding lots of empty food wrappers or containers-Hoarding food, or hiding large quantities of food in strange places-Wearing baggy clothes-Skipping mealsAvoiding eating in front of others-Constantly dieting

"Learn all you can about anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Genuine awareness will help you avoid judgmental or mistaken attitudes about food, weight, body shape, and eating disorders.Discourage the idea that a particular diet, weight, or body size will automatically lead to happiness and fulfillment.Choose to challenge the false belief that thinness, weight loss and/or muscularity are desirable, while body fat and weight gain are shameful, or indicate laziness, worthlessness, or immorality.Avoid categorizing foods as “good/safe” vs. “bad/dangerous.” Remember, we all need to eat a balanced variety of foods.Decide to avoid judging others and yourself on the basis of body weight or shape. Turn off the voices in your head that tell you that a person’s body weight or muscularity says anything about their character, personality, or value as a person.Avoid conveying an attitude that says, 'I will like you better if you lose weight, don’t eat so much, or change your body shape.'"

Boys or Girls

Why?

Mortality Rates

What Ages

Symptoms

How To Avoid


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