Early Childhood Intervention

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by tstathum
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Early Childhood Intervention

Roles of Providers in Early InterventionThe collective roles of service providers is an essential team of professionals that collaborate in conjunction with the families to ensure the children with special needs have all the resources they need to succeed. This group of professionals has a unique expertise that contributes to early intervention services by helping to identify disabilities, create realistic developmental goals and provide the services needed to meet these goals.

Role of the StateThe state assumes an essential role in early intervention services. On December 3, 2004, President Bush passed into law the revised Individuals with Disabilities Act. The revision has 6 main principles (1) Adds "early intervention services" to the statute under local education agency (LEA). (2) Clarifies the relationship between free appropriate public education (FAPE) and early intervening services. (3) Establishes reporting requirements. (4) Establishes coordination with the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1970. (5) Permits the use of funds for early intervening services. (6) Requires early intervening services in the case of significant proportionality.

Early Childhood Intervention

Parental Support is Key to succes!

Time FramesThe time frame for identifying developmental delays is between birth and three years old.

Early Intervention StrategiesAccording to the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities, early intervention focuses on the development of skills during birth through age three. The physical, cognitive, social emotional and self help skills are evaluated. Early intervention is essential in finding developmental delays/ disabilities in children. The developmental pediatrician performs a complete evaluation to which the results may lead to an early intervention referral. Child Find is one resource whose purpose is to find children who need early intervention services. After the determination for early intervention has been established a service coordinator will assist the family through the evaluations and assessments. After eligibility has been established an Individualized Family Service Plan will be created with the help of a team of professionals and the family guides the goals for the child. Early intervention is the first step in the future success of your child.

Role of ParentsParents play an essential role in the overall developmental success of their child. They should be very involved in the process for their thoughts, ideas and opinions will be incorporated in the Individualized Family Service Plan. Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Act, outlines the provisions that support "informed involvement" of parents in the early intervention process. They have the right to written notice of key points in time of the process. In addition, parental consent is required at these key points in the process to ensure it aligns with the goals of the parents or guardians of their child. They also have the right to deny consent if they disagree. Parental consent is essential before any final decisions can be made. The information must also be in the parent's native language to ensure full understanding.

Risk factorsWhen a child is suspected to have a disability or delay it is imperative parents and guardians seek early intervention services in efforts to supporting the child's specific needs. According to the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well- Being: Need for Early Intervention Services Among Infants and Toddlers in Child Welfare, stress suffered by young children exposed to recurrent physical abuse, emotional abuse, or chronic neglect can lead to difficulties in learning, behavior, and physical and mental health (p. 1, n.d.). It is imperative all children who are in need of early intervention services receive the support they need without early intervention services these problems may persist for a lifetime and hinder growth and development.


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