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by ehutchison1
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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Dyslexia is an unexpected difficulty in individuals ability to read even though they have the intelligence, motivation and schooling necessary for accurate and fluent reading. It is a primary reading disorder and the most common neurobehavioral disorder that affects children.

What is Dyslexia?


1. Phonologic processing.2. Difficulty decoding a word and then identifying it.3. Decreased activity in the left hemisphere of the brain.4. Increased activity in portions of the right hemisphere and the frontal cortex.5. Poor writing ability (whole-part word processing).

Learning Challenges:

AUTHORS:Madison Harvilland Emma Hutchison


"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid." - EinsteinHe had processing difficulties with listening and writing because he didn't have an orderly way to write things down. He didn't speak until he was four years old. He failed many classes which led his teachers to believe that he would never amount to anything. He made computational errors on word problems.

Albert Einstein

Olitsky, S. Dyslexia. American Orthoptic Journal, 1999 (49), 17.Payne, T. (1999). Dyslexia. Philadelphia :: Multilingual Matters,.Shaywitz, S. (1998, Jan. 29). Dyslexia. The New England Journal of Medicine, 338(5), 307-312.Thomas, M. (2000, Jul. 01). Albert Einstein and LD: An Evaluation of the Evidence. Journal of Learning Disabilities. Voeller, K. (2004, Nov.23). Dyslexia. Journal of Child Neuorology.


1. Teach phoneme awareness explicitly. i.e., segment individual sounds of a word2. Integrate reading practice. i.e., have the students read to an animal or even a stuffed animal 3. Allow extra time when necessary, computers with spell check, audio-books, time to talk through the material with a partner or teacher4. Alternative assessments (context vs. multiple choice)

Classroom Strategies


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