Dr. Virginia Apgar

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by CinthyaV
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Inventors and Inventions
Grade:
11

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Dr. Virginia Apgar

Dr. Virginia Apgar

In 1959, Apgar obtained a master’s degree in public health from Johns Hopkins. At this time she was given an executive position with the March of Dimes. For the next 14 years, until her death in 1974, she continued her work with infants, children through activism, fundraising and as an educator. She even co-wrote a book titled “Is My Baby All Right?” in 1972. She died in 1974 in Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center and in 1995 she was introduced into the National Women’s Hall of Fame.

In 1949, Dr. Apgar came up with the Apgar Score System, which was published in 1953 and became popular in the United States and other parts of the world. Prior to this rating scale being used, babies at birth were assumed to be in good health unless they exhibited some obvious suffering or imperfection. There were no checks done for any internal deficiencies, such as breathing or circulatory problems, which if undetected lead to death of a child. According to Dr. Apgar, “Birth is the most hazardous time of life.” This rating scale allowed for a quick system to accurately assess the child one minute after birth and five minutes after birth. During the creation of the Apgar test, she was able to see that cyclopropane, a form of anesthetic used during the labor process, for the mother, had a harmful effect on the infant and was able to stop its usage during the labor process.

Dr. Virginia Apgar was born on June 7th 1909 in Westfield, NJ. It is believed that her love for Science started at an early age, in part because of her father's love for creating and inventing scientific equipment that would tie in with his passion for electricity and radio waves. She attended Mount Holyoke College. She became one of the few women accepted and able to complete her studies from Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1933. In 1937 she completed her residency in surgery at Columbia, but was rejected from practicing surgery by the chair of surgery at Columbia. She finished her training in anesthesia and returned to Columbia in 1938 as director of the newly formed division of anesthesia. By accepting the position as the director of Anesthesiology at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center she becoming the University’s first female department head. Also, she became Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons first professor of anesthesiology in 1949 after an uphealed battled with her male counterparts. During this time as a professor she became interested in the field of Obstetrics Anesthesiology. Her rigerous work ethic is what lead to the creation of the Apgar Score System and lead to the fatal discovery of how the anesthesia given to the mother's during the labor process was causing the deaths of their child.

What is the Apgar scale?The Apgar test, named after Dr. Virginia Apgar, is a test administered to newborn infants 1 and 5 minutes after they are born. This test assess the child's apperance or skin color, pulse rate, grimance or reflex irritability, activity or muscle tone and respiration or breathing.Please take a look at the video below to better understand the benefits of the APGAR test.

Please take a look at the video below to find out more about Dr. Virginia Apgar and how her work in pediatrics and obstrectics has benefitted all of the children around the world.

Works Cited:Apel, M. A. (2004). Virginia Apgar: innovative female physician and inventor of the Apgar score. New York, NY: The Rosen Pub. Group. Apgar, V., & Beck, J. W. (1972). Is my baby all right? A guide to birth defects,. New York: Trident Press. Changing the Face of Medicine | Dr. Virginia Apgar. (n.d.). National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Retrieved October 7, 2013, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_12.htmlVirginia Apgar. (2013). The Famous People website. Retrieved 06:15, Oct 7, 2013, from http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/virginia-apgar-413.php.

Website to look at for more information on Dr. Apgar:http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/virginia-apgar-413.php

After looking at this Glog.. Do you find Dr. Apgar's discovery of the APGAR method to be beneficial or not? what brought you to this opinion? Was my glog helpful to making this decision?


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