Dr. Patricia Bath

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Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Scientific Biographies
Grade:
11

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Dr. Patricia Bath

Dr. PatriciaEra Bath

Born: November 4, 1942 in Harlem NYFather: Rupert Bath, first black motorman for the NYC subway, former Merchant Marine, occasional newspaper columnistMother: Gladys Bath, housewife, domestic worker, used her salary to save up for Patricia's educationFormer Occupations: 1974- faculty member at UCLA, 1976- co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, 1981 to 1986- worked on the Laserphaco Probe, 1983- co-founded and chaired the Ophthalmology Residency Training Program at Drew-UCLA

Dr. Patricia Era Bath invented the Laserphaco Probe:-Started in 1981-Finished in 1986-Uses laser technology-Makes cataracts treatment less painfull and more accurate

Key Inventions

Born November 4, 1942

Biography

Dr. Patricia Era Bath has done many important things in her life. Not only did she break societal grounds by being the first African American to complete a residency in ophthalmology, Dr. Bath was also the first African American female to receive a medical patent. That and she was the first woman in America to hold a chairman position, which she held at the Ophthalmology Residency Training Program that she helped create at UCLA-Drew. In 1976 Dr. Bath co-founded the American Institute for the prevention of Blindness, which established “eyesight is a basic human right”. In 1981 she began working on her most groundbreaking achievement, the Laserphaco Probe, which she finished in 1986. The Laserphaco Probe used laser technology to deliver a less painful and more precise treatment of cataracts. Dr. Bath received a patent for the device in 1988, making her the first African American woman to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Dr. Patricia Era Bath is overall an amazing and brilliant person who defied the laws society of the time and with it revolutionized ophthalmology.

Important contributions inOphthalmology

Life Obstacles:

-first African-American to complete a resideny in ophthalmology-first African-American female doctor to receive a medical patent-first woman in America to hold a chairman position-grew up poor-did said accomplishments in a time where people like her were not treated well


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