Downs Syndrome

by hscbabe
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Illness & Disease

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Downs Syndrome

Downs Syndrome

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that includes a combination of birth defects. Affected individuals have some degree of intellectual disability, characteristic facial features and, often, heart defects and other health problems. The severity of these problems varies greatly among affected individuals.

Down syndrome is one of the most common genetic birth defects. About 1 in 700 (or 6,000) babies are born with Down syndrome each year in the United States. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, there are more than 400,000 individuals with Down syndrome in the United States (2).

A child with Down syndrome may have:Eyes that slant upwardSmall ears that may fold over a little at the topA small mouth, making the tongue appear largeA small nose with a flattened nasal bridgeA short neckSmall hands and feetLow muscle toneShort stature in childhood and adulthood

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that all pregnant women be offered a screening test for Down syndrome, regardless of the woman’s age. Screening may be a maternal blood test done in the first trimester (at 11 to 13 weeks of pregnancy) along with a special ultrasound to measure the thickness at the back of the baby’s neck (called nuchal translucency). Or it can be a maternal blood test done in the second trimester (at 15 to 20 weeks) without the ultrasound (9). The screening test helps identify pregnancies that are at higher-than-average risk of Down syndrome. However, the screening test cannot diagnose Down syndrome or other birth defects.Women who have an abnormal screening test result are offered a diagnostic test, such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS). These tests are highly accurate at diagnosing or, more likely, ruling out Down syndrome.

1)Delayed Growth and Development R/T developmental delays related to Down's syndrome AEB altered physical growth, delay in performing skills typical of their age group. 2) Potential for Injury due to: Poor vision and hearing/ Hypotonia3) Potential for infection related to increasedsusceptibility for illness relatedtocompromised immune system and heart disease.

NANDA

Monitor growth pattern height and weight Encourage maximum independence in self-careactivities.Work with parents to provide agerelated and developmentallyappropriate tasks.


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