Down Syndrome

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by ajashada
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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Down Syndrome


"Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21. This genetic disorder, which varies in severity, causes lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays, and in some people it causes health problems" (Mayo Clinic, 2015). There are 3 types of Down Syndrome: trisomy 21, translocation, and mosaicism (National Down Syndrome Society, 2015). The difference is in the structure of the DNA.

What is Down Syndrome?

Characteristics(please scroll down)Physical: A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose, almond-shaped eyes that slant up, a short neck, small ears, a tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth, tiny white spots on the iris of the eye, small hands & feet, palmar crease, small pinkies that curve toward the thumb, poor muscle tone or loose joints, shorter in height as children and adults (CDC, 2015). The myriad physical characteristics and associated medical complications and procedures are extensive. Sometimes children have to undergo major surgeries within days of birth.Social/Emotional: There is a common myth that people with Down syndrome are always happy, but they have a full range of emotion just like people without Down syndrome. They can develop language skills slower than children with Down syndrome. Intellectual delay can result in a lower IQ ranging from 40-70 as compared to 100, that of a child without disabilities. (Christianson, 2015). Generally, people with Down syndrome have social strengths and do well when they feel they belong to a group - just like everyone else.

EDCI 559: Equity, Special Needs,& Diversity by Aja Shada

Down Syndrome is caused by...

...a whole or partial duplication of chromosome 21, totalling 47 instead of 46. "There is no definitive scientific research that indicates that Down syndrome is caused by environmental factors or the parents' activities before or during pregnancy" (NDSS, 2015). While not identified as a cause, women over the age of 35 are more likely to have a baby with Down syndrome.

with Down Syndrome

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