Down syndrome

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Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology

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Down syndrome

Symptoms and findings may vary greatly in range and degree, depending on the specific length and location of the duplicated (trisomic) portion of chromosome 21 as well as the percentage of cells containing the condition.Flattened facial featuresSmall headShort neckProtruding tongueUpward slanting eyes, unusual for the child's ethnic groupUnusually shaped or small earsRelatively short fingers and small hands and feetExcessive flexibility

Down syndrome

What is down syndrome?

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Facts

Symptoms

In the US down syndrome is the least funded genetic condition.Every child with down syndrome is intiled to a free education.The life span of a person with down syndrom went from 25 years to 60 years.

-Down syndrome affect's approximately 1 in 800 live births.-More than 400,000 people in the United States has down syndrome -approximately 1/4 million families in the United States affected by Down syndrome.-92 percent of all women who receive a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome choose to terminate their pregnancies- currently thier we are reserching pharmacological treatment to enhance cognition-79% of people clam to be more positive because they have a child with down syndrome

Statistics

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Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition in which all or a portion of chromosome 21 appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in body cells.There are three types:Trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) which accounts for 95% of down syndrome diagnosis.Translocation which represent about 4% of down syndrome cases mosaicism the rarest which accounts for about 1%.

Physical Traits of Down syndrome: -low muscle tone-small stature-an upward slant to the eyes- a single deep crease across the center of the palm Each individual is unique so he or she may possess these characteristics to different degrees or not at all.

People with Down syndrome have an increased risk for -congenital heart defects -respiratory and hearing problems -Alzheimer's disease -childhood leukemia-thyroid issues

Althought a person with down syndrome may need a little more help and support they have the abbility to do all the same things as someone without a disability. They grow up and get jobs just like a person without. There have even been cases were people with autism have been inducted to the hall of fame for thier favorite activites.

ChartiesMarch of Dimes: Goal is to help moms have full-term pregnancies and research the problems that threaten the health of babies.The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979:The mission of the National Down Syndrome Society is to be the national advocate for the value, acceptance and inclusion of people with Down syndrome.

Treatments:Because each individual is unique treatment can varry. Individuals often need help from physicians, special educators, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, and social workers.Early intervention programs significantly help indviduals with intellectual disabilities.


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