Donor Anonymity

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by chelseaald18
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Genetics

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Donor Anonymity

Donor Anonymity

DefinitionSperm donation refers to the use of sperm that has been donated by a third person (donor) to assist an individual or couple in their attempt to become parents. Legislation and donor conception practices in Australia have evolved significantly to encourage greater knowledge and openness. In the past, donor insemination was based on the principle of anonymity. Today, more and more children want to know their biological father.

Story"I told him, 'I'm your biological son'," James, now 29 and based in Darwin, recalls.Then I thanked him."It was pretty surreal, those first couple of sentences."James Kale is one of thousands of children born as a result of Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, or other reproductive technologies.The man he knows as dad, Martin Kale, discovered early he was sterile and he and wife Jan adopted their first son, Harry, in the 1980s.

Points & QuestionsFor:-It’s time to put an end to the secrecy and the lack of openness that has surrounded donor-conception. Anonymity is a flawed process causing distress and grief for children, parents and sperm donors themselves.- Providers are encouraged to advise recipients that their children are entitled to knowledge of their biological parents and half-siblings, and that recipients should tell their children about their origins.-Whether it's to know more about their heritage, to learn their medical history, or so that they can try to connect with the generous individuals who donated to give them life, all donor-conceived Victorians should have the same rights to access information about where they came from – Victorian GovernmentAgainst:-The ethical argument: Since donors take no part in the child’s upbringing, some question why the child should be legally entitled to trace them. - Many European countries promoting donor-egg IVF argue that the donor’s right to privacy has to be protected, not challenged. Provocative Questions:1. Is it the fathers right to know their children?2. Should donor children have the right to know their fathers?3. Should donors have the opportunity to remain anomymous or identifiable.4. Should the parents of the children be able to decide when their child finds out or should they be told from birth?5. Should sperm donation be anonymous in the first place?


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