Domus Aurea

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Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
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Subject:
Architecture
Grade:
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Domus Aurea

Domus Aurea

THE GREAT FIRE

Emperor Nero

(37 – 68 AD / reigned 54 – 68 AD)

The Great Fire occured in 64 AD and started in the stores at the southeastern end of the Circus Maximus and lasted for 10 days, and destroyed 75% of Rome.Many Romans believed that Nero started the fire to make room for the Domus Aurea. Nero was determined that someone must be found guilty and he blamed the Christians which was still a underground religion at that time.

The Domus Aurea was built after the Great Fire in 64 AD. Nero oversaw Celer and Severus who worked on the house to make sure everything was perfect. Nero would have parties which made him popular with the Roman citizens. The palace took over a lot of space and some people say Nero let the fire spread so he could have a excuse to build a newer and grander house.

Building The Palace

Nero was born as Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, the son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina. Agrippina was the great-granddaughter of Augustus. Ahenobarbus died in 48 AD and Agrippina married his borther, emperor Claudius, and persuaded him to name Nero his successor and not his son Britannicus. Claudius also offered his daghter Octavia to be Nero's wife in 50 AD. When Claudius died in 54 AD, many suspected that Agrippina poisoned him. Nero took the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus and took the throne at age 17. Nero did not like being controlled by his mother, he murded her. Around 59 AD Nero was described as a generous and seasonable leader, he took away capital punishment and lowered taxes. He also allowed slaves to being complaints againest their masters. After his mother's death, he went into a hedonic lifesyle. He divorced Octavia and killed her then married Poppaea.

The house before the Golden House was called the House of Passage, After the Great Fie it was renamed the Golden House. The palace had a sea like pool that surrounded it to resemble cities. The garden had plowed fields, vineyards, pastures and woodlands. There were varieties of wild animals tht walked around. Sme of th palace was laid with gold and studded with precious stones and mother of pearl. The ceiling of the dining rooms were made of fretted ivory that could slide back and let the rain of flowers fallon the guests. There was 1 main dining room that was cicular ith a roof that revolved slowly.

The construction of Nero's Golden Palance was never finished, after Nero's death in 68 AD, Vespasian gave the property back to the public. The Baths of Traja, Titus, and Coliseum were built over the Golden Palace. The palace was stripped of all its jewels and ivory because it was seen as a embarrassment to Nero's successors. The 120-foot status of Nero was mover by Hadrian to the Flavian Amphitheater and the face was changed.

After Nero

The 120-foot tall statue was Nero was put in the Golden House. It was made by Zenodorus, a Greek, and erected by Nero himself in the vestibule of the Domus Aurea


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