Digestive System Diseases

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by tmotlong
Last updated 7 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Digestive System Diseases

Digestive System Diseases

Taylor Motlong and Caroline McManus

Lactose Intolerance


Problem: Lactose intolerance is caused by the inability of the body to digest lactose. In people with lactose intolerance, the small intestine produces deficient lactase, the enzyme that breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose.Cause: Lactose intolerance can start as a lactose deficiency, which starts around age 2 when the body does not produce lactase. This is genetically linked. Another type of lactose intolerance can be caused by a severe diarrheal illness, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, or chemotherapy.Symptoms: Lactose Intolerance can cause abdominal pain and bloating, as well as gas, diarrhea, and nausea.Treatments: Lactase additives can be bought amd symptoms of the deficiency can be treated by consuming milk products in moderation.People Affected: Occurs more often in people of Native American,Asian, African, and South American descent and not so much in those with European ancestry. Lactose intolerance is thought to be more prevalent in lines of ancestry that were introduced to dairy products later than others.

For a Quick Quiz, visitKAHOOT.IT

Appendicitis: Problem: An appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is a 3.5 inch long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine. We have come to know that we are able to live without the appendix, without any consequences. The presence of it, however, can sometimes lead to this phenomena.Cause: Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes blocked, often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Blockage may also occur from infection, since the appendix swells in response to any infection in the body.Symptoms: Dull pain near the navel or the upper abdomen that becomes sharp as it moves to the lower right abdomen, loss of appetite, nausea and/or vomiting soon after abdominal pain begins, abdominal swellingfever of 99-102 degrees Fahrenheit, inability to pass gasdull or sharp pain anywhere in the upper or lower abdomen, back, or rectum, painful urination, vomiting that precedes the abdominal pain, severe cramps, and constipation. Treatments: Appendicitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. Left untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity.People Affected: In the U.S., one in 15 people will get appendicitis. Although it can strike at any age, appendicitis is rare under age 2 and most common between ages 10 and 30.

Q&A:1. Who treats apendicitis?-a general surgeon or gastroenterologist 2. Is appendicitis preventable?-There is no known way to prevent appendicitis. However, if you are able to recognize appendicitis symptoms, you can prevent serious appendicitis complications from occurring.3. Are there any long-term consquences of appendectomy?-There are no major, long-term health problems resulting from removing the ppendix although a slight increase has been noted in some diseases, such as Crohn's disease.

A Day in the Life of an Appendicitis:https://docs.google.com/document/d/1JtcB2nMpMyzvLXCWkZOs7Nxjdsj0wRsK83iUg48XsEI/edit?usp=sharing



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