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by jessicaalpers
Last updated 6 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Type 1 diabetes is usually caused by genetic and environmental factors.Type 2 diabetes is often caused by a sedentary lifestyle and being overweight.

In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks part of the pancreas. The immune system sees the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as foreign and tries to destroy them. This is know as "autoimmune" disease. During type 1 diabetes, insulin is no longer produced so the sugar builds up in the blood. This causes the body's cells to starve from a lack of glucose. If type 1 diabetes is left untreated it can cause damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, the heart, and even death. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections which can be very complicated. Type 2 diabetes the most common form of diabetes. Also known as "adult onset" diabetes, but a larger number of young people are developing this type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, people are able to produce some insulin but often times it isn't enough. Treatment for type 2 focuses on diet and exercise but in more serious cases, insulin injections may be necessary.

The Two Types

When you eat, your body turns food into sugars, or glucose. Then your pancreas is supposed to release insulin. Insulin acts as a "key" to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter, then that glucose is used for energy. But this process does not work properly in individuals who have diabetes.

What is it?

As a teacher, it is important that they help the student feel less different which will inspire more confidence. Remember that students may need to check their blood sugar levels and treat those levels in class if a problem occurs. Allow them to participate in the entire school experience. Students will usually be able to self care, but as a teacher education on the topic is important. If there are any questions, contact the child's parents or health care team. The teacher needs to make sure that the child feels like they can talk to them about what is happening or how they are feeling. The school needs to be able to know the symptoms and treatment of high or low glucose levels, perform a finger stick blood test, administer insulin and glucagon if needed, provide information to the student about the foods served at school, allow students to eat what they need to, and provide the child with permission for things they need to do like snack, monitor their levels, and see the school nurse.

How can teachers help?

About 208,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed diabetes, approximately 0.25% of that population.In 2008—2009, the annual incidence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 18,436 with type 1 diabetes, 5,089 with type 2 diabetes.


Where does it come from?


Prevalence in school aged children


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