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Last updated 8 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Difference between type 1 and 2 In type one the body just does not produce insulin in type two the cells just ignore and do not accept the insulin.

Type 1 DiabetesWhen the body does not produce insulin

Type 2 DiabetesEither the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin

What is Insulin?A hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food items into energy

What Organ Produces Insulin?The pancreas

Symptoms: *Frequent Urination*Unusual thirst*Extreme hunger*Unusually weight loss*Extreme fatigue and irritability

Complications:*Diabetes increases your risk for serious health problems-In women it can affect mothers and the unborn child-Women with diabetes are at higher risk to have heart attacks-Nerve, kidney, eye, and foot damage-Heart and blood vessel disease-Skin and mouth conditions-Osteoporosis-Alzheimer’s Disease-Hearing problems

Risk Factors: -Obesity-Ethnicity: Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives.-Family history of diabetes-Age: older people are at higher risk-High blood pressure

Statistics:*25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—have diabetes.*12.6 million, or 10.8% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes

Prevention:*Have a healthy lifestyle-Eat a healthy diet-Increase level of physical activity-Maintain a healthy weight

Treatment:type 1 diabetes: People with type 1 diabetes have to regularly exercise to maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, monitor their blood sugar, and take insulin. There is no cure for type 1 so this is a lifelong “chore” for them.type 2 diabetes: Some people can manage their type 2 diabetes by just monitoring their blood sugar, having a healthy diet, and getting physical activity, but for most people that is not enough. They need medications and/or insulin therapy.


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