Diabetes

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by mykill
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Diabetes

Describe the handout on this blackboard...

di·a·be·tesˌdīəˈbētēz,-tis/a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood

Etiology

Causes of type 1 diabetesIn type 1 diabetes, your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Type 1 is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though exactly what many of those factors are is still unclear.

Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetesIn prediabetes — which can lead to type 2 diabetes — and in type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it's needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although as in type 1 diabetes, it's believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of type 2. Being overweight is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes, but not everyone with type 2 is overweight.

Causes of gestational diabetesDuring pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. As your placenta grows larger in the second and third trimesters, it secretes more of these hormones — making it even harder for insulin to do its job

TreatmentTreatment of diabetes centers around normalization and maintenance of healthy blood glucose levels. In the non-diabetic, blood sugars consistently remain between 65 and 100 mg/dl, rarely rising above 130 after a heavy meal. The diabetic must be conscientious to maintain blood glucose in this range, by balancing several factors. These include balanced nutrition, adequate exercise, accurate use of medication (whether injected insulin, use of an insulin pump or ingestion of oral medications), and management of stress. There are other factors that can affect blood sugar levels, including other hormones (e.g., thyroid hormone, female hormones, stress hormones) and drugs (including medications, nicotine and caffeine).Since the early 1980s, diabetics have had access to blood glucose monitors and test strips to check their blood glucose levels (BGs). If the BG levels are low, they can eat or drink a simple sugar (sugar, honey, glucose tablet or fruit juice) to bring them back into the normal range. If they are high, they may need to inject more insulin or otherwise adjust their treatment.

Have you been experiencing these symptoms lately? Urinating often? Feeling very thirsty? Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating? Extreme fatigue? Blurry vision? Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal? Weight loss - even though you are eating more? Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet ?

If you answer yes to most of it.....you might have.......

DIABETES!

The Benefits of Massage for People with DiabetesAs with any population, massage is a beneficial complementary therapy -- diabetics, however, can find the results especially helpful.Circulation -- There is no getting around the fact that massage can increase circulation, thereby encouraging the efficient transport of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. Improved circulation, in turn, improves the cells' insulin uptake.Relaxation -- The benefits of relaxation should not be underestimated, especially within the diabetic community. Consider the physical and psychological stresses of living with a debilitating disease and the need to self-medicate and monitor on a daily basis, as well as the burden diabetes puts on the body and its systems. That said, it's easy to see the therapeutic correlation between massage and diabetes. With the release of endorphins, the nervous system calms, there is a reduction of stress hormones and the diabetic client can find a homeostasis with their blood sugar levels.Myofascial Effects -- For the client with diabetes, you may likely find a thickening of their connective tissue caused by increased blood sugars. Massage will help to increase mobility and tissue elasticity that has been hindered by that thickening effect. Of course, a good exercise program -- with an efficient stretching regimen -- will also benefit your client.


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