Development from Infancy to Toodlerhood

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by Tlindsley90
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Development from Infancy to Toodlerhood

Physical-height and weight gain are rapid, but not as great as in the first year; toddler slim down-walking is better coordinated-manipulatates small objects with improved coordinationCognitive-takes a deliberate experimental approach to problem solveing-searches several locations for a hidden object-engages in deferred immitation of adults' actions with objects over longer delays and across a change in context-recall memory of people, places, objects and actions improve-sort objects into categoriesEmotional/S0cial-joins in play with familiar adults, siblings, and peers-realizes that others emotional reactions may differ from one's own-shows signs of empathy-complies with simpl directives-uses social references to better evaluate events and understand emotions of the same valence.

13-18 months

Physical-height and weight increase rapidly-newborn reflexes decline--sleep increasingly organized into day and night-sensitivity to motionCognitive-awareness of physical porportions-immitation of adult actions-more efficient and flexible attention-forms categories based on object similar and physical properties-recognition memory of visual events improvedEmotional/Social-social smile and laughter emerge-matches feeling tone of caregiver in face-to-face communicationemotional expression become well organizedand meaningful-awareness of self as physical distinct from surroundings increases-regulates emotion by shifting attention and self-soothingsmiles, laughs, babbles (more to caregiver than strangers)

Physical-jumps, walks on tiptoes, runs, and climbs-manipulates samll objects with good coordinationCognitive-solves simple problems suddenly, through representation-finds a hidden object thst has been moved while out of sight-engages in make believe play, using simple actions experienced in everyday life-engages in deferred immitation of actions an adult tries to produce, even if not fully realized-begins to use language as a flexible symbolic representationEmotional/Social-self-conscious emotions-acquires a vocabulary for talking about feelings-begins to use language to assist with emotional self-regulating-showsb gender-stereotyped toy preferencesself-conntrol, as indicated by delay of gratification, emerges

By this point babys has gained a significant amount of weight and continue to gain. The bones have grown and the brain is developing allowing babies to recognize people and voices.

7-12 months

Develpomentfrom infantcy to toodlerhood

19-24 months

Physical-approaches adul like sleep wake schedule-sits alone, crawlers,walks-reaching and grasping improvesin flexibility and accuracy-"screens out" sounds not used in own language: perceives meaningful speech-reles on shape, color and texture to distinguish objects from surroundingsCognitive-engages in intertional, or goal directed behavior-finds hidden objects-recals memory improves, as indicated by gains in deferred imitation of adults' action with objects-uses words to call up mental images of objects not physically present-solves simple problems by analogy to a previous problemEmotional/Socaial-smiling and laughter increases in frequency and expressiveness-anger and fear increase in frequency and intensity-stranger anxiety and seperation anxiety appears-caregiver is secure base for exploration-shows "clear-cut" attachment to a familiar caregiver-regulates emotion by approaching and retreating from stimulation-increasingly detects emotions of others

Birth

Birth-6 months


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