[2015] Michelle Barker: Depersonilization-Derealization Disorder

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by kmabe
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[2015] Michelle Barker: Depersonilization-Derealization Disorder

- Depersonalization-derealization disorder is a mental disorder in which a person persistently or repeatedly has the feeling of only observing theirself from outside of their body, that the things around them aren't real, or both.- Many people have a passing experience of depersonalization or derealization at some point. However, it is not considered a mental disorder unless it frequently occurs or never completely goes away.- Depersonalization-Derealization disorder can be severe and may interfere with relationships, work and other daily activities. - May result in depression, self-harm, low self-esteem, anxiety / panic attacks, extreme phobias (especially of losing their mind), etc.

- Severe trauma, such as childhood abuse, car accidents, etc.- Growing up with a significantly impaired mentally ill parent- Suicide or unexpected death of a close friend or family member- Severe stress, such as relationship, financial or work-related problems- Bad drug experiences - Use of alcohol and other drugs

- Feelings that you're an outside observer of your thoughts, feelings, your body or parts of your body, perhaps as if you were floating in air above yourself - Feeling like a robot or that you're not in control of your speech or movements- The sense that your body, legs or arms appear distorted, enlarged or shrunken, or that your head is wrapped in cotton- Emotional or physical numbness of your senses or responses to the world around you- A sense that your memories lack emotion, and that they may or may not be your own memories- Feelings of being alienated from or unfamiliar with your surroundings, perhaps like you're living in a movie- Feeling emotionally disconnected from people you care about, as if you were separated by a glass wall- Surroundings that appear distorted, blurry, colorless, two-dimensional or artificial, or a heightened awareness and clarity of your surroundings- Distortions in perception of time, such as recent events feeling like distant past- Distortions of distance and the size and shape of objects

Depersonalization-derealization disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depersonalization-derealization-disorder/basics/definition/con-20033401Psych Central. (2014). Depersonalization / Derealization Disorder Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 25, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/depersonalization-derealization-disorder-symptoms/

PET scan of the brain of a person without Depersonilization-Derealization disorder compared to the brain of a person with Depersonilization-Derealization Disorder. The red areas indicate increased metabolic activity.

- Talk therapy, or psychotherapy is the primarily treatment for this disorder. It is said to help understand why it happens and gain control over the symptoms so that they may go away. Depersonalization-derealization disorder may also improve when counseling helps with other mental health conditions such as depression.- Though there is no specificically approved medication to treat depersonalization-derealization disorder, medications that treat depression and anxiety often help.


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