Demographic Profile of Egypt

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by LaylaShioguchi
Last updated 8 years ago

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Demographic Profile of Egypt

Demographic Country Profile:


Middle East & North Africa

Cairo, the capital of Egypt is the most highly populated city in the country with roughly 9,120,350 people. (CIA, 2011)

More than 16 million people out of a population that has exceeded 80 million currently live in Egypt’s slums, most of which are based in the Greater Cairo metropolitan area. (Ahram Online, 2013)

Statistics (CIA 2013) Population: 85,294,388 million Birth rate: 23.79 births/1,000 population Death rate: 4.79 deaths/1,000 population Dependency load: total ratio: 58.5%youth dependency ratio: 49.4%eldly dependency ratio: 9.1% Infant morality: 23.3 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy: 73.19 years Total fertility rate: 2.9 children born/woman Mothers mean age at first birth: 22.9 Population growth rate: 2.88%Natural increase rate: 19Population growth rate: 1.88%Net migration rate: -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population Doublng time: 3.06 yearsLiteracy:total: 73.9%male: 81.7%female: 65.8%School life expectancy (primary to tertiary):total: 12 yearsmale: 13 yearsfemale: 12 yearsGDP (current US$): $262.8 billion GDP Per Capital: $6,700Agriculture products: Cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables, water buffalo, sheep, goats Industries: Textiles food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures Exports: $24.93 billion (2012 est.) Export commodities: crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed foodExport partners: Italy 7.9%, India 6.9%, US 6.8% Imports: $60.26 billionImport commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels Import partners: China 9.5%, US 7.6%, Germany 6.7%

Layla Shioguchi12C 2013-2014

The situation in Egypt is extremely complicated and constantly changing. In this video, vlogbrothers on Youtube summarizes key points in fewer than 8 mins.

Current factors that effect demography:

At least 91 women were sexually harassed in for day protests from June 30. Female protesters fall into what's called a "Circle of Hell" where groups of men, 100 or more, surround a woman, beat her, rip her clothes off and sexually assault her. (Broderick & Le Trent, 2013)

Government, Revolution, and ViolenceEgypt's crippling politics has resulted in a gruesome and bloodshed revolution since 2011. As of July 2013 the constitution was suspended and former president Mohamad Morsi was ousted. The government is currently appointed by the military and an uprising revolution continues till this day. (BBC Egypt Profile, 2014) With protestors and the military flooding the streets of major cities such as Cairo, crime rates hate tripled since 2010 unemployment rates are soaring (reached 13.2), and infrastructure has been destroyed. Citizens often endure blackouts, and on top of the slowly rising poverty rate, the country is facing a shortage and rising cost of food. These are major push factors for citizens who fear for their own safety although in hopes to find a job many continue to stay in high-populated urbanized areas. (8 Issues Egypt is Facing, 2014)

In Vltchek’s 2013 article Failed Egypt Revolution he wrote: There is no logic in all this. The military wants to retain its hold on power. The Brotherhood wants to come back and rule. It is not about social justice, or education, or alleviation of poverty. It is not about jobs or even about, in which direction Egypt will go, politically or ideologically. It is not really even about Egypt, anymore! Nothing makes sense anymore. That beautiful dream and that compassionate Revolution, that Arab Spring are all dead! During that day and night, at least 54 people died. (para.46)

Egypt After Morsi is 3 part documentary by VICE that shows the chaotic and violent reality of the citizens after Morsi was ousted.

Social Egypt's political conflict has dragged down social renaissance. Unemployment and political unsettlement has led to growing social crimes such as sexual harassment, thuggary, rape, poverty, drug addiction, unemployment, street children, price hikes, low income, etc. (Fouly, 2013)In order for these social issues to be resolved a proper government must take initiate and work towards providing education, healthcare, creating jobs, stricter laws for rights, and government aid.

EconomicPetroleum, one of Egypt’s major industries has been scarce and prices continue to rise, predictably significantly higher in the future effecting trade and labor workers. (Central Intelligence Agency, 2014) Current political issues make trade and business with Egypt look unattractive for other countries. If the revolution is settled in the future, the government must enforce growth in businesses and provide jobs for the handful of citizens who are unemployed. Social Affairs Minister Nagwa Khalil stated, "Constant protests of workers following the uprising pressured factories and companies to shut down or reduce production, leading to less job opportunities and increasing unemployment," (Fouly, 2013, Para. 3)Other vital factors that will be in play for economic prosperity are proper education systems, as well as gender rights.

EnvironmentalThe WHO reported that Egypt’s annual mean of the concentration of particulate matter is 138 PM10 ug/m3, which ranks Egypt as the country with the sixth (out of 91 sampled countries) most harmful air, which may result in respiratory diseases. (Masry, 2013) “Unfortunately, we suffer from much pollution in three of the main environmental components; air, water and food,” says Salah El-Haggar, a professor of energy and sustainable development and the chairman of the Mechanical Engineering Department at the American University in Cairo. “Pollution in the air coming from car exhausts and rubbish and agricultural waste burning is so severe. For the water, we face major problems especially in rural areas where sewage treatment facilities are not established and therefore the people throw their sewage in the water canals. As a result, the drinking water and the soil are polluted. Our usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and using sewage water as a source for neutrons and land reclamation contaminate crops with harmful chemicals and microbes coming from sewage water.” (Masry, 2013, para. 6) Severe environmental issues gravely affect public health and can lead to illnesses such as kidney failure and cancer. With current governmental issues, Egypt lacks environmental sustainability and must think of solutions now before matters worsen.

Future Predictions:


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