Democracy & Servitude

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by ahverme
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
11

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Democracy & Servitude

Servitude & Democracy

1649

1639

Fundamental Orders:Stated rules for Governor elections

Maryland Toleration: Guaranteed toleration of Christians--only the Christians

1705

1726

1721

Political Control in Massachusetts:prohibited representation of any town where such person is not an inhabitant

The Rights of Englishmen:set standards for discipline of servants and slaves

Fundamental Orders of 1639:“[The Governor, whom is] chosen and sworn according to an Oath recorded for that purpose, shall have the power to administer justice according to the Laws here established, and for want thereof, according to the Rule of the Word of God”

Peter Zenger and Freedom of the Press:"– I know not what Reason is if sapping and betraying the Liberties of a People be not Treason.”

The Propriety of Colonial Subordination: no english plantation owners can pretend to claim absolute legislative power within themselves.

Ordinances for Virginia:“to settle such a Form of Government there, as may be to the greatest Benefit and Comfort of the People, and whereby all Injustice, Grievances, and Oppression may be prevented”

“Whatsoever person or persons shall from henceforth upon any occasion of Offence...declare call or denominate any person...within this Province...shall for every such Offence forfeit and loose the somme of tenne shillings sterling or the value thereof to be levyed on the goods and chattells of every such Offender and Offenders.”

The Rights of Englishmen:“all masters and owners of servant, shall find and provide for their servants, wholesome and competent diet, clothing, and lodging, by the discretion of the county court"

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StoryWhile the colonists' treatment of their slaves is shocking to people today, they had means of justification. During that time, in "The Rights of Englishmen" the colonists set standards for the treatment of servants and slaves. The governors were elected every year, and were supported by several other magistrates. This system of government was to ensure that their leaders were representing the people. The purpose of democracy was to ensure that everybody in the settlement had equal say in the decisions made. They made laws pertaining to election, and the treatment of servants and slaves. While these laws were put in place to guarantee a variety of opinions and everyone's well-being, they were still biased. The fact that there were still slaves being mistreated in households is a primary example showing that democracy did not help everybody.

Sell the same or any part thereof for the full satisfaccion of such forfeiture, fine, or penalty as aforesaid.

neither shall, at any time, whip a Christian white servant naked, without an order from a justice of the peace;the person so offending, shall forfeit and pay for the same, forty shillings sterling, to the party injured

by the discretion of the county court: and shall not, at any time, give immoderate correction

That all masters and owners of servant, shall find and provide for their servants, wholesome and competent diet, clothing, and lodging

Slavery was a topic of debate in the drafting of the Constitution; a subject of Federal legislation; and a subject of landmark US Supreme Court cases.

Between 1777 and 1804, anti-slavery laws or constitutions were passed in every state north of the Ohio River and the Mason-Dixon Line, and by 1840, virtually all blacks in the North were free.

No person be chosen Governor above once in two years, and that the Governor be always a member of some approved Congregation, and formerly of the Magistracy within this Jurisdiction.

by Ana Vermeulen, Ben Parker, Hannah Urbas, Andrew Conte


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