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Social Studies
World War II

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THE OUTCOMEBy June 11, with the beachheads firmly secured, more than 326,000 troops had crossed with more than 100,000 tons of military equipment. Paris was liberated on August 25. Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945.

June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the operation a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.” More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day invasion, and by day’s end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy. The D-Day cost was high -more than 9,000 Allied Soldiers were killed or wounded -- but more than 100,000 Soldiers began the march across Europe to defeat Hitler.

Interesting Facts about D-Day •The troops needed the light of a full moon to see to attack. For this reason there were only a few days during a month when the Allies could attack. This led Eisenhower to go ahead with the invasion despite the bad weather.•The Allies wanted to attack during high tide as this helped the ships to avoid obstacles put in the water by the Germans.•Although June 6 is often called D-Day, D-Day is also a generic military term that stands for the day, D, of any major attack. •The overall military operation was called "Operation Overlord". The actual landings at Normandy were called "Operation Neptune".

CASUALITIESNumbers represent total killed, wounded, missing or capturedUnited States – 6,603 (1,465 killed)United Kingdom – 2,700Canada – 1,074 (359 fatal)Germany – Estimated between 4,000 – 9,000

COMMANDERSUnited States – Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar BradleyThe United Kingdom – Bernard Law Montgomery, Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Arthur Tedder, Miles Dempsey, Bertram RamsayGermany – Erwin Rommel, Gerd von Rundstedt, Friedrich Dollmann

Fifth Grade Social Studies (History)5.5.09 Understand America's role during World War II.b. Identify the significance of Pearl Harbor, D-Day, and Hiroshima.

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