Cystic Fibrosis

by michaelnolff
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy
Grade:
10

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Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that mostly affects the lungs. Some issues caused by this disorder is difficulty breathing as well as coughing up. It also effects some of the cells that produce mucus, sweat, and digestive juices. Cystic Fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disorder. There is yet to be a cure for the disorder.

Description of Cystic Fibrosis

Treatments ' Cures for CF

There is yet to be a cure for Cystic Fibrosis. Lung infections can be treated with some antibiotics which could be given my mouth, inhaled, or intravenously. The azithromycin antibiotic is used for long term. Lung transplantation could also be an option if lung infection becomes any worse

How you receive the disorder

Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation in the gene cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductive regulator, the CFTR gene. The gene makes a protein that controls the movement of salt and water in and out of the cells of your body. In people who seem to have the disorder, the CFTR gene makes a protein that does not operate well, and that causes thick, sticky mucus and alot of salty sweat. More than a thousand known defects can affect the CFTR gene.

The chromosome affected by Cystic Fibrosis is chromosome 7, where the CFTR gene is located at shown in red. It is made up of 250,000 DNA Nucleotides

How Cystic Fibrosis is identified

The DNA analysis of somebody could identify a single mutation in the Cystic Fibrosis gene that is present in a lot of carriers. 20 additional mutations have also been identified.

Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosissome symptoms of CF include salty skin, thick and sticky mucus, lung infections, poor growth, and constipation.

About 1 of 4 people get the disease, or in other words, there is a 25% chance of parents passing it on to the child to get the disease, so it is very unlikely.

Some issues causes many complications in the respiratory system, digestive, and reproductive systems. It causes you to cough up blood, it causes Bronchiectasis, Chronic infections, collapsed lungs and resperatory failure

Medical Issues caused by the disease


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