Curriculum Theorists

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by hniemietz
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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Curriculum Theorists

Bobbitt believed that curriculum should focus on student needs and prepare them for adult life. He thought content should include the "3 Rs" in elementary school, academics through high school, and that subjects and related activities should be planned by the teacher. He advocated for curriculum being grouped in in sequential objectives with corresponding activities.

John Goodlad(1920-)

Tyler believed curriculum should be influenced by data about students and society, psychology, philosophy, and ideas from subject specialists. He saw the content as organized into components of knowledge, skills, and values. Curriculum was both horizontally and vertically organized into objectives, and learning of the objectives should be measured by evaluation.

Rugg believed education should have a societal context and be child-centered. He saw social studies as an important part of the content. He thought curriculum should be structured into objectives with related learning experiences and outcomes.

Chambers believed that curriculum should focus on student needs as determined by needs assessments. He thought the objectives of the content should be related to objectives and should correspond to teacher-planned activities. He saw curriculum as a process. He thought objectives should be listed with their corresponding activities and evaluated.

Franklin Bobbitt(1876-1956)

Werrett Charters(1875-1952)

William Kilpatrick(1871-1965)

Harold Rugg(1886-1960)

Hollis Caswell(1901-1989)

Ralph W. Tyler(1902-1994)

Picture sources:Bobbitt: retrieved July 11, 2013.

Kilpatrick's philosophy was a mix of behaviorism and progressivism. He emphasized problem-solving and integrated subject matter in his ideas on content. He believed activities should focus on the student through activities such as creative projects and small-group instruction.

Caswell thought curriculum should include three components: themes, organized knowledge, and students' interest. He thought the subject matter should be developed and organized according to students' interest and social functions. He saw curriculum as an experience.

Goodlad thought students should be active participants in the content. He also thought content should have a wide range of practical subjects. He thought school could be realistically improved by assessing standards and learning through high-stakes testing.

Curriculum TheoristsHannah Niemietz


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