Curriculum Ideologies

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Social Studies

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Curriculum Ideologies

Curriculum Ideologies

QUESTION: Can giving a laptop to poor children in undeveloped countries help elminate poverty and create educational opportunities?

Learner-Centered ideologists propose that children are the focus of education, not the content or the curriculum. Educators must guide students through organic, activity-filled experiences from which they create their own meaning. A child is seen as a whole person with physical, social, and psyhological needs as well as developmental needs. Children are to learn in natural, self-directed contexts where they can develop and learn at their own pace. Teachers facilitate children's learning and growth indicates success. (Dewey, 1897; Johnson, 1974; Kilpatrick, 1918; Schiro, 2013) ANSWER: Children learn in organic, self-directed environments. Learner-Centered ideologists would demand that the physical and pschological needs of children living in poverty be met before the consideration of laptops. However, it must be the child’s desire to use a computer, not someone else's. Poor children must learn in their own environments, and not prepare for life in someone else’s.

Through educational curriculum and objectives, teachers will mold and shape children to prepare them for the adult affairs of life. These objectives will prepare youth to fulfill the adulthood roles necessary to sustain the needs of society in the most efficient means possible. Children were seen as raw materials to be systematically shaped and molded into the occupational fields needed by society. Standarized accountability measures and desired behavior changes are used to evalute teachers and students. (Taylor, 1911; Bobbitt, 1918; Gagne, 1970; Schiro, 2013)ANSWER: Social Efficients view the needs of society as the most important element for education, Therefore with technology's relevance in today's society, they would agree that the use of laptops would be a great learning tool that would provide academic opportunities, as long as they provided curriculum and objectives.

The purpose of education is to discipline the minds of children by filling their brains with the academic content that will help maintain the current mores of society and culture. By using a standardized curriculum with the essential subjects of English, science, history, and math, all children regardless of social economic status would be afforded a proper eduction. Evaluation of subject matter content would provide evidence of proper learning.. (Hirsch, 1987; Kleibard, 2004; Schiro, 2013)ANSWER: Only the necessary subjects mentioned above would be of value to Scholar Academics. Computer technology and internet access would not be of value except to study or drill academic content. Children are not to be educated for self-empowerment, but for the perpetuation of society's culture and mores. A child's brain, not a laptop, would be the most important tool that he needs.

Scholar Academic

Sociey is assumed to be self-serving and seeks to maintain the status quo of social dominance. Therefore, education should be used to empower poor and minority children to better themselves by becoming social agents of change. Educators should teach children how to analyze the written and spoken word, reflect upon it, and then take action which leads to construction of their own meaning. Learning is not seen as an individual pursuit, but one that directs the lives of groups through shared experiences. The goal is to raise students' level of consciousness in order to provide the convictions and courage necessary to take risks and evoke change. Success is evaluated by the level of consciousness and acts toward social change. (Counts, 1932; Dewey, 1916; Freire, 1970; Girox, 1992; Jones, 2006; Schiro, 2013) ANSWER: The focus of Social Reconstructionists is to educate children in order to write the wrongs perpetuated by society. Solely giving a poor or minority child a laptop will not promote social justice or resolve poverty. However, Social Reconstructionists may find it useful as a tool to give voice to those who are not heard and a sense of community to like-minded groups.

Social Efficiency

There are no technology shortcuts to good education. For primary and secondary schools that are underperforming or limited in resources, efforts to improve education should focus almost exclusively on better teachers and stronger administrations.

Social Reconstruction

Is TECHNOLOGY the answer??


"They continue to push technologies at Africans and tell them that they ought to accept these technologies," said Zachary. "They ought to have more personal computers. They ought to have better seeds. They ought to do this and they ought to do that. But very clearly, when Africans decide themselves what they value, they quickly take up a technology and mobile phones is a great example."


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