Curricula Theorist Through Time

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Curricula Theorist Through Time

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Curricula Theorist Through Time

By: Felicia Leischner


Harold Rugg(1886-1960) believed school curriculum should be driven by the cooperation of professionals. He thought there was need for a curriculum specialist to develop the curriculum. Later on he worked to integrate history, geography, civics, and economics.

Ralph Tyler(1902-1994) was influenced by the progressive social theories as well as the behavioral learning theories. Tyler's curriculum model is a systematic approach to development. Tyler emphasized the learner's needs. His methods apply to many situations and he held objectives in high regard. His method is straightforward and easy to follow.

Hollis Caswell(1901-1989) saw curriculum as a way for teahers to improve their teaching by coordinating their activities with content as well as student needs. He developed a process for developing a curriculum. He believed it should adress students' interests, social functions, as well as knowledge, and provide the appropriate scope and sequence at every grade. He believed curriculum should involvephilosophy, psychology, and sociology.

John Goodlad(1920- ) focused his ideas on curriculum around both the individual student needs as well as the needs of society. His ideas include an emphasis on active learning and critical thinking. He sees a constant need for school improvement and would like for reformers to work wtih teachers to figure out the best practices.

Franklin Bobbitt(1876-1956) lived in a time of industrial growth and ideas were emerging about efficiency. He applied these ideas to developing curricula. He thought only the important parts of knowledge should be taught and some of these ideas included personal hygiene, grammar, and spelling.





W.W. Charters(1875-1952) had some of the same ideas as Bobbitt. They were among the first behavioral and scientific applicators to education. They charted the way for needs assessments as well as curriculum evaluations. Charters also thought of curriculum as a machine and there were certain operations, or activities needed to run it.

Kirckpatrick falls into the Progressive movement and tried to merge behavioral thinking with progressive with the result being called the "Project Method". His curriculum was a variety of school and community projects. His content areas built on one another and were full of real-life expereiences. He let the children have considerable input into the building of the curriculum, and had a concern for social issues.

Information ReferencesOrnstein, A. C. & Hunkins, F. P. (2009). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues (6th edition). Boston: Pearson.


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