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by everblonde99
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Social Studies

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1) 11,075,244 population2) With an area of 110,860 sq km (42,803 sq mi), it extends 1,223 km (760 mi) E – W and about 89 km (55 mi) N – S . 3) 1 Havana , Ciudad de La Habana 2,163,824 23.133 / -82.383 2 Santiago de Cuba , Santiago de Cuba 555,865 20.025 / -75.822 3 Camagüey , Camagüey 347,562 21.381 / -77.917


Brief HistoryArawak (or Taino) Indians inhabiting Cuba when Columbus landed on the island in 1492 died from diseases brought by sailors and settlers. By 1511, Spaniards under Diego Velásquez had established settlements. Havana'ssuperb harbor made it a common transit point to and from Spain. In the early 1800s, Cuba's sugarcane industry boomed,requiring massive numbers of black slaves. A simmering independence movement turned into open warfare from 1867 to 1878. Slavery was abolished in 1886. In 1895, the poet José Marti led the struggle that finally ended Spanish rule, thanks largely to U.S. i

Main ReligionCuba's main religion is Roman Catholic. To be a Roman Catholic means to be a certain kind of Christian: one with unique beliefs, practices and traditions that are distinct from those of other Christians. Distinctive Roman Catholic beliefs include the special authority of the pope, the ability of saints to intercede on behalf of believers, the concept of Purgatory as a place of afterlife purification before entering Heaven, and the doctrine of transubstantiation. Catholic Mass-Services follow a prescribed liturgy and priests wear more elaborate vestments than most Protestant ministers.Catholic Sacraments- There are several Catholic monastic orders, the most well known being the Jesuits, Dominicans, Fransciscans, and Augustinians. Catholic monks and nuns take vows of poverty, chastity and obedience and devote themselves to a simple life focused on worshipping God..

Political SystemCuba is a republic with a centralized socialist system of government closely identified with the workers.The structure of the State of the Republic of Cuba:1. National Assembly of People's Power2. Council of State3. Council of Ministers4. Provincial and Municipal Governments5. Judiciary System

Economic SystemThe economy of Cuba is a largely state-controlled, centrally planned economy overseen by the Cuban government, though there remains significant foreign investment and private enterprise in Cuba. Most of the means of production are owned and run by the government, and most of the labor force is employed by the state. Cubans receive low housing and transportation costs, free education, and health care and food subsidies. Corruption is common, though far lower than in most other countries in Latin America. Cuba's GDP: $120.3 billion Major Exports:Nickel mattes and other products of nickel metallurgy (24%), Raw sugar, cane (15%), Cigars (12%), Medicaments, packaged (10%), Alcoholic preps for beverages (7%) Ranked Economically:

Official Language spoken in Cuba is Spanish. English, French, and Russian are also spoken

Social Structure Before1959, Cuba had sharp class divisions. The biggest class was the peasants, who could barely support their families on the small plots of land they farmed. At the opposite end of the social scale was the handful of sugar mill owners, who enjoyed all the advantages of great wealth. Unlike most other Latin American countries, however, Cuba had a substantial middle class of lawyers, doctors, social workers, and other professionals. While Cuba’s social hierarchy allowed for some racial space, the big numbers of poor and uneducated people were people of color. Among these, the poorest were women of color. Cuba’s success in creating a more even distribution of wealth became skewed when the government briefly loosened economic restrictions during the late 1970s. They loosened restrictions again in the 1990s when the government brought back small private enterprises and individual access to the U.S. dollar, which previously had been illegal in Cuba. In the 1990s differences in wealth were more noticeable than before, as some Cubans could buy a wide variety of goods at special stores that accepted only dollars. Luxury items were also easier to get by citizens with dollars.

Ethnic groups: 51% mulatto, 37% white, 11% black, 1% Chinese.

Cuba has consistently ranked among the top ten export markets for U.S. soybean oil, dry peas, lentils, dry beans, rice, powdered milk, and poultry meat. Cuba also has been a major market for U.S. corn, wheat and soybeans.

Cuban art is a very diverse cultural blend of African, European and North American design reflecting the diverse demographic of the island. Cuban artists embraced European modernism and the early part of the 20th century saw a growth in Cuban vanguardism movements, these movements were characterized by a mixture of modern artistic genres.


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