Creek Indians

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by MorrisFA
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
9

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Creek Indians

Removal ExperiencesThe individuals of the Creek tribe that had not relocated were herded into, what now would be considered as concentration camps, and then driven west in large groups. The route they traveled went from Fort Mitchell to Fort Gibson. They traveled during 1836 through 1837. Thousands of people died on the trail to Oklahoma.

-William McIntosh Son of a Creek woman and a Scotsman, The Creeks called him the “white warrior.” On February 12, 1825, Chief McIntosh signed a treaty at Indian Springs selling the remaining Creek land in Georgia for $200,000. He was denounced and condemned on the spot by some of his fellow Creeks. McIntosh said, “The white tide rises, we can’t fight or stop it and if we don’t sell, we will be cast aside, homeless and treated like animals without any place to go.” Nonetheless, McIntosh was executed for betraying his people.

Works Cited:1) Drew. "Historic Figures." Historic Figures. Wacona, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2013.2) Cox, Dale. "The Creek Trail of Tears - Historic Sites & Points of Interest." The Creek Trail of Tears - Historic Sites & Points of Interest. ExploreSouthernHistory, 2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. .3) Haveman, Christopher. "EOA Links." Encyclopedia of Alabama: Creek Indian Removal. Auburn University, 28 Jan. 2009. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. .4) Laws.com. "Indian Removal Act." Indian Removal Act. Laws, 2013. Web. 18 Sept. 2013. .5) "The Story of Chief William McIntosh." The Story of Chief William McIntosh. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.6)OPOTHLEYAHOLA (ca. 1780-1863)." OPOTHLEYAHOLA (ca. 1780-1863). N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 20137) Drew."Clothes."Clothes., Wacona,n.d,Web,18 Sept. 20138)"Creek Indian." Creek Indian. Ed. Multimedia Pandora Inc. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013. .

Creek Indians

Creek during 'The Trail of Tears'

The creek tribe lived in the Southeast part of America. The Creeks were scattered over the Southeast. They used bows, arrows, and spears as tools and weapons. Men hunted and fished while the women farmed. They eat fish, deer, rabbits, turkeys, and fresh vegetables. During the removal they used dogs as pack animals , and they used horses.

The Creeks lived in huts with thatched roofs. When it came to winter the men wore breech clothes and leggings. Women wore long dresses, they both wore moccasins.

The Creeks are original residents of Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina. Creeks were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800's.

Removal ProcessThe Creek tribe refused to migrate west. They signed a treaty in 1832, giving a large amount of their land to the white settlers. Still they protected their ownership of the remaining land. By 1836 the Creeks were impoverished, having to commit small crimes in order to survive. By then most of the Creeks had relocated voluntarily, but there were still many remaining. In 1836 the government ordered the removal of the Creeks by military force.

-OpothleYoholaled the Upper Creeks in their resistance to removal to the West, but eventually he came to see it as inevitable. By 1832, after a large number of the Lower Creeks had removed voluntarily, he was the Creek Nation's acknowledged leader. He was instrumental in negotiating the treaty of March 1832, which led to the exodus of the remainder of the tribe to Indian Territory in present Oklahoma.


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