Coronary artery disease

by sarahsarah99
Last updated 6 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Coronary artery disease

Coronary Artery Disease

A common symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD) is angina. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs if an area of your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood.Angina may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. You also may feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain may even feel like indigestion. The pain tends to get worse with activity and go away with rest. Emotional stress also can trigger the pain.Another common symptom of CHD is shortness of breath. This symptom occurs if CHD causes heart failure. When you have heart failure, your heart can't pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Fluid builds up in your lungs, making it hard to breathe.The severity of these symptoms varies. They may get more severe as the buildup of plaque continues to narrow the coronary arteries.

Some people who have CHD have no signs or symptoms—a condition called silent CHD. The disease might not be diagnosed until a person has signs or symptoms of a heart attack, heart failure, or an arrhythmia (an irregular heartbeat). diagnostics:Electrocardiogram (ECG)- An electrocardiogram records electrical signals as they travel through your heart. An ECG can often reveal evidence of a previous heart attack or one that's in progress.Echocardiogram- An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce images of your heart. During an echocardiogram, your doctor can determine whether all parts of the heart wall are contributing normally to your heart's pumping activity. Parts that move weakly may have been damaged during a heart attack or be receiving too little oxygen. This may indicate coronary artery disease or various other conditions.

Treatments include: lifestyle changes, a healthier diet,thearpeutic lifestyle changes (TLC), dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH)medications: over the counter antiplatelets, statins, nitrates, calcium and rahnolazine Proable prognosis are sudden cardic arrest (heart attacks) and ventricular tachyarrhythinimas, and acutre ischemia.

current events: the department of nuclear medicine has recently recieved meausred improvements in blood flow to the hard for patients with CAD when reciving acupuncture. Statistics:approx. 1 out of 13 aged 18 or older has CAD. it is the leading cause of death and each year, 950000 deaths are recorded due to CAD! Every 34 seconds, one person has died of a cardiac arrest.

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