Cooperative Learning

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by kschultz0052
Last updated 6 years ago

Language Arts
Reading Comprehension

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Cooperative Learning

"As students interact cooperatively, they explain strategies to one another in their own words, thus helping them further process the complex cognitive activity." -Stevens, Slavin & Farnish

Cycle of Instruction1) Teacher- Directed instruction2) Team Practice3) Individual Assessments4) Team Recognition

Cooperative Learning and Direct Instruction on Reading Comprehension Strategies

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Method:*Participants: 386 third- and fourth-grade students*Treatment: 3 experimental treatments (direct instruction with cooperative learning (CL), direct instruction in reading comprehension(DI), and control)*Materials: All three used the same basal reading series, CL and DI used CIRC curriuculum materials. *Results- CL and DI scored significantly higher scores than the control on main idea questions. The second comparison indicated a nonsignificant difference between the CL and DI groups.

"This study shows that cooperative learning classroom organization and direct instruction in reading comprehension are complementary and their integration forms an effective and dynamic instructional process." -Stevens, Slavin, Farnish

What can students do at their seats for cooperative learning in reading? 1) Work together to answer questions.2) Re-explain how to complete the assignment.3) Motivate each other to stay on task.4) Do a good job completeing the assignment.

"Most students spend 1/2- 1/3 of their reading time doing seatwork activities. Seatwork, or followup time, usually is unsupervised by the teacher, and underutilized in terms of instructional impact (Anderson et al., 1985; Osborn, 1984). A major instructional advantage of cooperative learning is that it focuses in part on effectively using student's instruction time when they are not supervised by the teacher."

What Is CIRC??

CIRC(was used in the study)CooperativeIntegratedReading andCompositionProgram

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Stevens, R., Slavin, R., & Farnish, A. (1991). The Effects Of Cooperative Learning And Direct Instruction In Reading Comprehension Strategies On Main Idea Identification. Journal of Educational Psychology, 83(1), 8-16.


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