Constructivism

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by spackwitmer
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Constructivism

CONSTRUCTIVISM

-Student-centered-Authentic-Student constructs their own knowledge-Group learning-Sharing ideas-Pre-existing knowledge-Real world practical learning-"Guide on the side"-Situated learning-Interactive learning

My Time Line

1993

DAYCARE: PRE-K/ KINDERGARTEN

Elementary School was a whole new experience since I was in a strange place without family nearby. During these years my teachers would interact with us and ask us questions on what we knew. They would assess us by giving us small test to make sure we were learning the material. We did a lot of fun activities like playing music, singing, working in groups, creating pictures, and taking school trips to the zoo.

Middle School was a challenging experience due to the environment that I was in. I had approximately five teachers and each of them interacted with the students, had us study extremely hard for the tests, gave us research papers, and encouraged questions. They wanted the students to be more involved in the class. We would have to sit through lectures and take notes. The teachers wanted the students to take from their own experiences and explain how it related to their education.

College has provided me with an opportunity to really take advantage of my own education. It has helped me developed the tools I needed to work independantly while learning. For example, my business classes were mainly online so each week it was my responsibility to learn the information provided by the teacher along with my own research in order to complete my assignments on time. The syllabus is created for teachers to express responsibility to their students so once I become a teacher I will have the knowledge and expectations to fascilitate learning within my students.

High School was the most sensitive stage of my life. It is the time where adolescents become risk takers and exhibit behaviors like acting on impulse, curious, adventurous, sexual behaviors, and other various behaviors. At this point in my life my instructors were encouraging group participation and assessing our knowledge by quizzes and tests. The teachers had no problem working with the students. It was also a stage where students were encouraged to answering questions to test their prior knowledge.

Pre-K and Kindergarten is such a young stage in one's life, but it is one of the most important. My teachers were helping me learn through fun activities like putting together a rabbit around Easter time or taking blocks with letters and building words with them. We were encouraged to have fun learning. It was a time were praise was encouraged.

1998

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

2001

MIDDLE SCHOOL

2005

2015

HIGH SCHOOL

COLLEGE

PROS AND CONS

A LEARNING THEORY

Discovery Learning

QUALITIES

ROLES OF A FACILITATOR

-Modeling-Scaffolding-Coaching

-Begin with the whole then expand into parts-Pursue student questions / interests-Use primary Sources / manipulate materials-Learning is interaction in order to build on what students already know-Remember to interact / negotiate with students-Assessments done with work by students, observations, points of view, tests. -Remember that knowledge is dynamic and changes with experiences-Encourage students to work in groups

STRATEGIES OF TEACHING WITH CONSTRUCTIVISM IN THE CLASSROOM

"The view that meaningful learning is the active creation of knowledge structures rather than a mere transferring of objective knowledge from one person to another (Snowman & McCown, 2015)."

Constructivist Themes

-Prior knowledge-Multiple perspectives-Self-regulation-Authentic learning

Four key ideas

-Cognitive constructivism focuses on the role of the cognitive process in meaningful learning (Snowman & McCown, 2015).-Social constructivism focuses on the role of culture and social interaction in meaningful learning (Snowman & McCown, 2015).-Critical constructivism focuses on the role of cultural myths and how they influence the learning environment (Snowman & McCown, 2015).

Advantages of Constructivism

"...If we teach today as we taught yestrday, we rob our children of tomorrow..." By John Dewey

-Emphasizes sensory input-Helps students relate the information learned in class to personal lives-A good opportunity for students who learn by the hands-on approach-Caters to prior knowledge-Encourages teachers to spend time on what interests the students-Teachers spend time on important and relevant information-Learn social skills-Support fellow students in learning-Value feedback-Encourages active engagement-Motivates-Develops problem-solving and creativity

Paradigms

-Behavorism is when all behavior is caused by an external stimuli (Wikipedia, 2015). -Cognitivism is when the "black box" of the mind should be opened up and understood (Wikipedia, 2015).-Design-Based can be a lens or set of analytical techniques that would balance the positivitst and interpretivist paradigms in order to bridge theory and practice education (Wikipedia, 2015). -Humanism believes that learning is a more personal act in order to fulfill one's potential.-21st Century Skills are skills that students need in order to have a successful life and school experience.

Created by Jerome BrunerDiscovery learning is inquiry-based instruction so students discover facts and relationships by themselves.Roles of discovery in learning:-Understanding the ways ideas connect with one another (Snowman & McCown, 2015)-Possibility of solving problems on our own (Snowman & McCown, 2015)-We already know what is relevant to what is being learned (Snowman & McCown, 2015).


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