Constructivism: Knowledge/Learning

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by SrtaEngland
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Social Studies

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Constructivism: Knowledge/Learning

Constructivism:Knowledge & Learning

How do Constructivists view learning? According to constructivism, teaching follows four key principles:1) active learning: encourages students to participate/act; is student centered; facilitator encourages/assists students in constructing their knowledge; techniques used area problem-solving & inferences; can be done individually/collaborative learning; problem should be interesting, relevant, appropriate, engage, be ill-defined, authentic and real-world by negotiation.2) learn by doing: children taught to do something rahter than teaching them about something; done via problem-based learning (PBL), distributed problem-based learning (group), case based learning (specific situations), inquiry based learning (self-directed) and role play simulation (act out roles).3) scaffolded learning: zone of proximal development is used to introduced new learning (context, motivation, foundation)4) collaboration: small group learning (guide on the side)

How do Constructivists view knowledge?-people construct their understanding & knowledge by experiences through interactions w the community/environment-instruction is a process of supporting that construction rather than communicating knowledge-two schools of thought: cognitive constructivism (how individual learner understands world with biological developmental); social constructivism (how meanings/understandings grow out of social encounters)

Source: Harasim, L. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technologies. New York, NW: Routledge.

Source: Harasim, L. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technologies. New York, NW: Routledge.


COGNITIVE CONSTRUCTIVISM:Piaget: logical stages of developmentDewey: real life experiences

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM:Vygotsky: new learning via scaffolded instructionBruner: socialized learning via active use of prior knowledgeAusubel: direct instruction & mastery learning



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