by PatMilly
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Christian, Sarah, Thomas, Victor

Pictured Above: Yellowstone NP, the first National Park

Roosevelt started the national trend towards conservation of American landscapes. Congress created the first National Parks (Yellowstone being the first, in 1872) in the late 19th century, which Roosevelt expanded as well as creating new parks

Although Roosevelt's chief forester, Pinchot, supported the federal oversight of land for precise devlopment, he did not support preservation for national parks. Regardless, people like him were considered the "conservaiontists" as opposed to men like Muir interested in creating National Parks, considered "preservationists". Pinchot laster became head of the US Forest Service.

A chief example of the differences between the two groups was the Hetchy Hetchy Controversy. Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park was a beautiful mountain walled valley that was beloved by many. However, it was also the perfect place to set up a dam for San Francisco to give it a much needed increase in water supply. The main debate was that water would be so much cheaper with the dam in place. However, defenders of the Valley like John Muir claimed the land was the best part of Yosemite, and the natural temple that existed there. Yet, soon after the debate started, an earthquake hit San Francisco, furthering the support to build a dam. After many years of debate between Muir and Pinchot, the dam was approved and construction started just before WWI.

Yosemite National Park

Consevation was highly enocouraged by voters, but fought by Congress and buisnessmen.

Roosevelt and Pinchot tripled the area under federal control (about the size of Texas, 151 million acres)

As the American frontier all but vanished; Americans were faced with the aspect of limited materials and area, a contradiction to past American attitude.

We have become great because of the lavish use of our resources. But the time has come to inquire seriously what will happen when our forests are gone, when the coal, the iron, the oil, and the gas are exhausted, when the soils have still further impoverished and washed into the streams, polluting the rivers, denuding the fields and obstructing navigation.- Theodore Roosevelt

"We have fallen heirs to the most glorious heritage a people ever received, and each one must do his part if we wish to show that the nation is worthy of its good fortune." - Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt

"There can be no greater issue than that of conservation in this country"-Theodore Roosevelt



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