Congestive Heart Failure

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by AHawkins
Last updated 8 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Congestive Heart Failure

Etiology: Heart failure usually develops slowly after an injury to the heart. Some injuries may include a heart attack, too much strain on the heart due to years of untreated high blood pressure, or a diseased heart valve.

Health care professionals: The best doctor is a cardiologist becasue they specialize in the heart which is the main organ in this disease.

Congestive Heart FailureBy: Aubrey Hawkins and help from Emily Taylor

Definition: A condition that occurs when the heart muscles don't beat adequately to supply the blood needs of the body

Treatments: Cardiac drugs, divretics( to remove retained body fluids) elastic support hose, oxygen therapy, bedrest and or a low sodium diet are used as treatment methods.

Prognosis: You can control heart failure by taking medicine, changing your life style, and treating the condition that caused it. Most of the time, heart failure is a chronic illness that gets worse over time. These people often receive an implanted defibrillator.

Prevention: ~Not smoking~Controlling certain conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes~Staying physically active~Eating healthy foods~Maintaining a healthy weight~Reducing and managing stress

Diagnostic Testing:~An electrocardiogram is a noninvasive test used to measure electrical activity in the heart. It is the best test for heart failure.~ An Cardiac catheterization involves injecting a small amount of radioactive dye (contrast agent) into the left ventricle through a catheter. This is used to show how much of the dye is ejected from the heart with each beat.

Signs and Symptoms:Signs: You may get tired easily and be short of breath when you exert yourself. Also feel like your heart is pounding or racing (palpitations)Symptoms: Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down, fatigue and weaknessswelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet, rapid or irregular heartbeat,reduced ability to exercise,persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm


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