Colonial Showcase ft. Native Americans - page 3

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by CowboyKidd
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Colonial Showcase ft. Native Americans - page 3

During the 1860's, 1870's and 1880's, Indians were forced onto reservations by the Federal GovernmentBy: 

Most Americans came to believe that the Indians had to be removedMM. An editor for the New York Herald claimed, "It is inconsistent with our civilization and with common sense to allow the Indians to roam over a country as fine as that around the Black Hills preventing its development in order that he may shot game and scalp his neighbors. That can never be. The region must be taken from the Indian."

Summary

Solution:

After the "Battle of Wounded Knee," the U.S. Government embarked on its own solution to the Indian problem. An assault on tribalism and ethnocide - the calculated destruction of a culture - was an attempt by Americans to force Indians to assimilate into their culture. Although not as bloody as the Indian Wars, ethnocide was even more destructive to Indian societes. In 1887 Congress passed the Dawes Severalty Act, which authorized the President to divide tribal lands. Over time, Native American languages disappeared from common use. Sadly, the destruction of native beliefs and language is something that can never be fixed.

BATTLES:

In 1876, Lt. Col. George A. Custer's defeat at "Little Bighorn" caused the Federal authorities to get involved. Native Americans were forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands and placed on reservations. The process was not peaceful.

The last major bloody battle occured in 1890 on Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. An inept government official killed Sitting Bull, causing some Sioux to take up arms. The result was the "Battle of Wounded Knee," which slaughtered over 300 Indian men, women and children. This slaughter ended the violent era of Indian and white relations.

Indian Reservations: By 1932, 90 million acres of land had been taken away from the Indians. Indians saw their own culture attacked and almost completely destroyed, while at the same time they were never fully accepted into the dominant American culture. Today, there are roughly 300 Indian Reservations in the United States. Unfortunately, lots of these reservations are home to our country's poorest citizens. The largest of these reservations is "Navajo Nation" located in Arizona. There is a famous historical site in Ganado, Arizona, called the "Hubbell Trading Post." It is considered a meeting ground of two cultures - the Navajo and the settlers.

The End Result:

Sources:Martin, James. America and Its People. New York: Harper Collins, 1993.Woolf, Alex. A Short History of the World. New York: Arcturus Publishing, 2008


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