Cogntivisim: Knowledge and Learning

by SrtaEngland
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Cogntivisim: Knowledge and Learning

Cognitivism

Knowledge and Learning

First psychologist to study child development. Based on 3 assumptions: schema (building blocks); transition processes (equilibrium, assimilation, accommodation); stages of development (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational). Learning happens during disequilibrium.

Piaget

Distinguised between internal and external conditions. Internal are attention, motivation & recall. External factors that affect behavior are: Phase 1 (Stimulus); Phase 2 (Acquisition); Phase 3 (Storage); Phase 4 (Retrieval). Learning has 5 components: verbal, intellectual skills, cognitive strategies, attitudes & motor skills.

Gagne

Retrieved from : http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html

Retrieved from : http://www.csulb.edu/~dkumrow/conference/learning_theory.html

Started his study same time as Piaget. Research focused on children's social interaction development and found that social learning comes before development.Differs from Piaget because it focuses on culture, social factors & language.Also focuses on motor reflexes & sensory abilities, which are elemental (attention, sensation, perception, memory) and higher mental functions. Learning occurs during Zone of Proximal Development.

http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

Vygotsky

Knowledge stems from behaviorist theorems and is directly related to how stimulus is processed by the mind.Learning is related to internal factors (attention, motivation, memory, intellectual skills) and external factors (motor skills, scaffolded teaching) and takes place when the person's abilities must stretch to meet the gain new knowledge.


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