Cognitivism in Classroom

by SrtaEngland
Last updated 7 years ago

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Cognitivism in Classroom


In the Classroom

Cognitive Information Processing (CIP)

Gagne Instructional Theory

Schema Theory

What kind of instruction works best? Difficult concepts and higher order thinking aligns well with this school of thought. The kinds of instruction would be: 1) cognitive information processing; 2) schema theory; and 3) Gagne's instructional theory.How does this theory support learning in technology based classroom? Educational technology emerged from behaviorist & gained importance in the cognitive era. Two examples are: 1) intelligent tutoring systems and artificial intelligence.

Views the mind as a computer. Influenced instructional design. Based on how people attend to environmental events, encode information to be learned and relate it to knowledge in memory, store new knowledge in memory, and retrieve it as needed. Focuses on memory stages (sensory memory; short-term memory (STM); and, long-term memory (LTM). Additionally it involves the transfer from one memory stage to next (attention; rehearsal; chunking; encoding; and retrieval).

Holds that learning a new subject is easier if person can compare their existing knowledge base additionally, it is dependent on the new data being structured and presented well. Differing views of schema theory but all agree with Winn and Snyder's summary which encompasses the following: 1) memory structure; 2) abstraction; 3) network; 4) dynamic structure; and, 5) context.

Encompasses behaviorist theorems and Cognitivist Information Processing (CIP). It comprises of learning outcomes & specific conditions of verbal info, intellectual skills, cognitive strategies, attitudes & motor skills. Gagne also recommends presenting content in the following manner: 1) gaining attention; 2) stating objective; 3) recall; 4) presenting; 5) guidance; 6) seeking performance; 7) feedback; 8) assessing; 9) retention/transfer.

Artifical Intelligence has new roles in education. It can be used in grading, adapt to student needs, show improvement areas, tutoring support, feedback and reduce affective filter. It has the potential to completely change education.

Intelligent Tutoring systems are used to teach new contents/skills, question/answering. Computer aided instruction is structured in module/question format where dependant on answers progression occurs.‎

Source: Harasim, L. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technologies. New York, NW: Routledge.



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