Cognitive Changes and Transition

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by maddiemanson7
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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Cognitive Changes and Transition

13.3 Cognitive Changes and Transitions



- Fluid Intelligence- Our ability to reason speedily and abstractly. - We use fluid intelligence to solve novel logic problems like Sudoku puzzles. This kind of intelligence tends to decrease during late adulthood.-Crystalized Intelligence- our accumulated knowledge and verbal skills, tends to increase with age.

1. What task would be harder for older people than younger people? Listing 50 words shown on flashcards or matching objects to labels.2. What task would be easier for older people than younger people? remembering an anniversary or solving jigsaw puzzles

- Recognition remains stable from age 20 to 60.- Prospective memory- The ability to remember habitual tasks like taking medicine every day and time-oriented tasks like appointments, also declines in older adults. - Recall- bringing a thought or idea learned previously, and thus stored in memory into conscious awareness.- Recognition- identifying something you learned previously and is therefore stored in some manner in memory.

Review Questions

Dementia- A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning

Alzheimer’s- A progressive disease that destroys memory and other important mental functions

Parkinson’s- A disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors

Senile- having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties.

Howard Gardner:1) Logical2) Musical Intelligence3) Bodily4) Spatial Intelligence 5) Interpersonal6) Intrapersonal 7) lingusitic

Parkinson's Video


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