[2014] Allison Melius: Code Of Hammurabi

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by cmcconne
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
10

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[2014] Allison Melius: Code Of Hammurabi

Code of Hammurabi

The most remarkable of the Hammurabi records is his code of laws, the earliest -known example of a ruler proclaiming publicly to his people an entire body of laws. He arranged these laws so that all men might read and know what was required of them. The code was carved on an 8 feet high black stone monument. This stone was found in the year 1901, in a city of the Persian mountains. There are a total of 282 laws about being fair. Hammurabi thought if you did a crime you will do time. Even accidental crimes were punished. The more richer and powerful people didn't get as bad as a punishment, compared to the lower people. The consequences for their actions were unfair.

Citations:"Ancient History Sourcebook: Code of Hammurabi, C. 1780 BCE." Internet History Sourcebooks. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014."Hammurabi's Code: An Eye for an Eye." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.

"An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth."

There are 282 total laws; most of the laws written pertain to property rights of landowners, slave masters, merchants, and builders. The following list a few of the laws:If any one finds runaway male or female slaves in the open country and bring them to their masters, the master of the slaves shall pay him two shekels of silver.If anyone is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.If a tavern-keeper (feminine) does not accept corn according to gross weight in payment of a drink, but takes money, and the price of the drink is less than that of the corn, she shall be convicted and thrown into the water.If a son of a paramour or a prostitute say to his adoptive father or mother: "You are not my father, or my mother," his tongue shall be cut off.If a son strikes his father, his hands shall be hewn off.If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out.If a man strikes a free-born woman so that she loses her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss.If a barber, without the knowledge of his master, cut the sign of a slave on a slave not to be sold, the hands of this barber shall be cut off.If a slave says to his master: "You are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut off his ear.

The 8 feet tall stone that displays all the laws.

A zoomed in picture of the top of the stone.

Hammurabi, who himself wrote the Codes of Hammurabi.

A map of the Persian mountains which shows where the stone was found.

A zoomed in picture of the laws written on the stone.


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