Cloning

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Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Genetics

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Cloning

What is a Clone?A clone is an identical genetic copy of a biological entity.

Cloning

How has Cloning been Used?Cloning has been used to replicate organs, such as the lungs, in order to provide transplantable organs for people. In other ways, cloning has been used on good animals and plants that did their job very well.

How much does Cloning Cost?Cost can vary depending on the animal. For instance, it may cost $20,000 to clone a cow while it may cost $32,000 to clone a house cat. It will probably cost more privately as compared to publicly as well.

The Cloning Process

What are the Steps to Cloning?The egg cell is taken from its donor and its nucleus is removed. Then a body cell is taken from the organism we want to clone and its DNA is extracted. Afterwards, the extracted DNA is placed into the donated egg cell with a vector. That fused cell develops into an embryo and is then placed into a surrogate mother. The clone of the organism is born into the world at the end of the process.

What Materials are Required?An egg cell (may require multiple), a small needle and syringe, a somatic cell (may require multiple), and a surrogate mother. Included in this are materials such as microscopes, small dishes, and other materials which would all need to be contained in a sterile environment such as a lab.

What Businesses Currently work with Cloning?Advanced Cell Technologies, L'Alliance Boviteq, Cyagra, Geron Corporation, Lazaron BioTechnologies, The Roslin Institute, and ViaGen are all companies involved in cloning.

Who Benefits?Really only humans and in some ways plants benefit from this. The plant is sometimes more likely to live depending on the purpose of the cloning, and really all scientific research is done for the good of some human being out there.

Source Citations•Gray, Richard, Roger Dobson, and Kenneth LaPensee. "Cloning." Biotechnology. Ed. Brenda Lerner and K. Lerner. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2012. 244-249. Global Issues In Context. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.•Fu, Weiling. "Cloning." GRACE Communications Foundation. 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. .•Carver, Roy J. "Clone Process » In-Depth » Explore More: Genetic Engineering." Clone Process » In-Depth » Explore More: Genetic Engineering. 1 Jan. 2004. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. .•Kendall, Susan K. "Companies Doing Cloning." Companies Doing Cloning. 4 Mar. 2009. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. .•"Benefits of Human Cloning." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Feb. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. .


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