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CleopatraEgypt's Final Pharaoh

Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C., to a family of Greek descendants related to Alexander the Great and his generals. When her father died in 51 B.C., she and her younger brother Ptolmey XIII (whom she married due to ancient customs) became co-rulers of Egypt. Over the next 3 years, she made it clear that she had no intention of sharing her power. In 48 B.C., she was forced into exile by her brother. It was not long until she got a chance to sieze the throne again following the murder of the Roman General Pompey.

Early Life

Sneaking into Julius Caesar's palace, she quickly became his mistress. They became lovers and nine months later, she birthed a son named Caesarion. Following this, Caesar agreed to help Cleopatra reclaim her throne. After losing to the combined Caesar-Cleopatra Army at the Battle of the Nile in 47 B.C., Ptolmey XIII attemped to escape, only to drown while crossing the Nile. Following her victory, Cleoparta returned to Rome and stayed there until Caesar's assassination on March 15, 44 B.C.

-Following the Roman Civil War, Cleopatra fell in love with Mark Antony, one of Julius Caesar's most trusted advisors. She married him and gave birth to 3 children. In 34 B.C., she and her 1st son Caeasarion became co-rulers of Egypt. -Over the next several years, she became known as one of the craziest leaders in history. A painting created in 1887 shows Cleopatra testing poisons on condemmed prisoners. She also loved to present herself as the Egyptian goddess Isis. -In 33 B.C., tensions between Mark Antony and the Roman Emperor Octavian came to a head when they declared war on each other. During this conflict, known as the Final War of the Roman Republic, Antony's men deserted him to join the Imperials.

Cleopatra and Mark Antony

After being deserted by his men, Mark Antony angrily declared Cleopatra a traitor, causing her to hide in a monument and circulate a rumor of her own death. Believing this, Mark stabbed himself with a dagger. He was dragged into Cleopatra's hiding place, and died by her side. Distraught, Cleopatra killed herself by ingesting a mix of highly toxic poisons on August 12, 30 B.C.


Cleopatra and Julius Caesar

After Cleopatra's death, Caesarion was captured by Octavian's forces at the Siege of Alexandria and was executed due to his connections to Julius Caesar. Afterwards, Cleopatra's other three children were integrated into Roman society and Egypt was annexed by Rome. Octavious, who renamed himself Augustus, declared himself Rome's first emperor, and thus, the Roman Republic was no more. It had been replaced by the Roman Empire, which then went on to conquer a fifth of the world. Cleopatra later became one of pop culture's most famous icons, including many works of art and a motion picture.(



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